Abstract

Results of a comparative study of executive function development in young children reared in baby homes and biological families are presented. Research data reveal reduced performance on measures of executive function in children from institutional care in comparison with a group of peers from biological families. The mean composite z-score for the group of children from baby homes was significantly low. Dramatic group differences were obtained on a "hot" executive function task with involvement of affective components of cognitive processes: among the institutionalized group, severely impaired ability of inhibitory control was registered. Overall, research data reveal exposure to adverse conditions of institutional care is associated with specific deficits in executive function performance and promote diverse trajectories of early executive functioning in young children reared in different social environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-75
Number of pages14
JournalPsikhologicheskii Zhurnal
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

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Executive Function
Peer Group
Aptitude
Social Environment
Child Care
Research

Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

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title = "Executive functioning in young children living in baby homes and biological families",
abstract = "Results of a comparative study of executive function development in young children reared in baby homes and biological families are presented. Research data reveal reduced performance on measures of executive function in children from institutional care in comparison with a group of peers from biological families. The mean composite z-score for the group of children from baby homes was significantly low. Dramatic group differences were obtained on a {"}hot{"} executive function task with involvement of affective components of cognitive processes: among the institutionalized group, severely impaired ability of inhibitory control was registered. Overall, research data reveal exposure to adverse conditions of institutional care is associated with specific deficits in executive function performance and promote diverse trajectories of early executive functioning in young children reared in different social environments.",
keywords = "Baby home, Childhood cognitive development, Deprivation, Early experience, Executive function, Institutionalization",
author = "Vasilyeva, {M. J.} and Korshina, {J. D.} and Kurohtina, {E. V.} and E.A. Vershinina and Kornilov, {S. A.} and Muhamedrahimov, {R. J.} and Grigorenko, {E. L.}",
year = "2017",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Executive functioning in young children living in baby homes and biological families

AU - Vasilyeva, M. J.

AU - Korshina, J. D.

AU - Kurohtina, E. V.

AU - Vershinina, E.A.

AU - Kornilov, S. A.

AU - Muhamedrahimov, R. J.

AU - Grigorenko, E. L.

PY - 2017/1/1

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N2 - Results of a comparative study of executive function development in young children reared in baby homes and biological families are presented. Research data reveal reduced performance on measures of executive function in children from institutional care in comparison with a group of peers from biological families. The mean composite z-score for the group of children from baby homes was significantly low. Dramatic group differences were obtained on a "hot" executive function task with involvement of affective components of cognitive processes: among the institutionalized group, severely impaired ability of inhibitory control was registered. Overall, research data reveal exposure to adverse conditions of institutional care is associated with specific deficits in executive function performance and promote diverse trajectories of early executive functioning in young children reared in different social environments.

AB - Results of a comparative study of executive function development in young children reared in baby homes and biological families are presented. Research data reveal reduced performance on measures of executive function in children from institutional care in comparison with a group of peers from biological families. The mean composite z-score for the group of children from baby homes was significantly low. Dramatic group differences were obtained on a "hot" executive function task with involvement of affective components of cognitive processes: among the institutionalized group, severely impaired ability of inhibitory control was registered. Overall, research data reveal exposure to adverse conditions of institutional care is associated with specific deficits in executive function performance and promote diverse trajectories of early executive functioning in young children reared in different social environments.

KW - Baby home

KW - Childhood cognitive development

KW - Deprivation

KW - Early experience

KW - Executive function

KW - Institutionalization

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