Starting from a provocative book written by the former Hungarian minister of finance Lajos Bokros on the culture of transition in Central Europe, this essay addresses some of the most relevant aspects that characterize it. In particular, the deep reasons for the persistent social, economic and political-cultural uncertainty that characterize the post-socialist transition both in "Central Europe" and in the Baltic and Balkan countries, are investigated. In other words, this essay highlights how the transition that began in 1989 has not been completed, since it still needs to tackle structural problems that have remained unsettled, even though the Eastern enlargement of the European Union, with its negotiations and required regulatory adjustments, came to an end with a relative success, between 2004 and 2013, for many countries belonging to this vast geopolitical macro-area. In this context, the essay focuses not only on the processes of "adjustment" to the West, but also on the political trajectories aimed at "counting", once these countries have become part of the Euro-Atlantic institutions. The essay concludes by underlining how the cultural impact of being part of a “former world” is still deeply perceived in Central Europe, as Matvejević had already remarked.
|Translated title of the contribution||"To be or not to be": the East-Central European Dilemmas between Inclusion and Identity Protection|
|Title of host publication||L'Europa della rivoluzione di velluto|
|Place of Publication||Rome|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|