Enumeration of chord diagrams on many intervals and their non-orientable analogs

N.V. Alexeev, J.E. Andersen, R.C. Penner, P.G. Zograf

Research output

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015. Two types of connected chord diagrams with chord endpoints lying in a collection of ordered and oriented real segments are considered here: the real segments may contain additional bivalent vertices in one model but not in the other. In the former case, we record in a generating function the number of fatgraph boundary cycles containing a fixed number of bivalent vertices while in the latter, we instead record the number of boundary cycles of each fixed length. Second order, non-linear, algebraic partial differential equations are derived which are satisfied by these generating functions in each case giving efficient enumerative schemes. Moreover, these generating functions provide multi-parameter families of solutions to the KP hierarchy. For each model, there is furthermore a non-orientable analog, and each such model likewise has its own associated differential equation. The enumerative problems we solve are interpreted in terms of certain polygon gluings. As specific applications, we discuss model
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1056-1081
JournalAdvances in Mathematics
Volume289
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

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