Emplacement age and Sr-Nd isotopic compositions of the Afrikanda alkaline ultramafic complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia

F.-Y. Wu, A.A. Arzamastsev, R.H. Mitchell, Q.-L. Li, J. Sun, Y.-H. Yang, R.-C. Wang

Research output

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Kola Peninsula is characterized by diverse alkaline magmatism, including alkaline ultramafic, carbonatite, "kimberlite" and agpaitic rocks, although many aspects of the ages of emplacement and petrogenesis remain unresolved. In this study, rocks from the Afrikanda complex (pyroxenite, ijolite, melteigite, carbonatite, and perovskite ore) were selected for U-Pb age determination and Sr-Nd isotopic analyses using in situ ion probe and laser ablation techniques. The perovskite U-Pb ages are 377±6 (pyroxenite), 379±5 to 385±5 (calcite-bearing perovskite ore) and 376±5 (ijolite-melteigite) Ma, indicating that the different phases of the complex were contemporaneously emplaced at ~380Ma. These ages are comparable to those obtained previously for Afrikanda rocks, and other alkaline ultramafic, carbonatitic, "kimberlitic" and agpaitic complexes in the area; suggesting that the majority of alkaline magmatism in the Kola Peninsula occurred at ~375-380Ma. Sr-Nd isotopic analyses of perovskite, titanite, apatite, and calcite indicate that the Afrikanda complex was derived from a depleted mantle. However, these data suggest that silicate and carbonatitic magmas are not related by simple crystal fractionation within a closed magmatic system. The silicate magma has an initial 87Sr/86Sr isotopic ratio of ~0.7034 to 0.7038 and εNd(t)380 value of ~+2.0 to +4.9, whereas the carbonatitic magma was more primitive with the above values of ~0.7033 to 0.7035 and εNd(t)380~+5.1 to +5.8, suggesting that either both magmas were derived from two distinct mantle sources or by contamination of a melts derived from a single source. In combination with other geochronological and geochemical data for other complexes in the area, it is proposed that the Kola alkaline magmatism was controlled by mantle plume activity at ~380Ma.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-229
Number of pages20
JournalChemical Geology
Volume353
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Wu, F.-Y. ; Arzamastsev, A.A. ; Mitchell, R.H. ; Li, Q.-L. ; Sun, J. ; Yang, Y.-H. ; Wang, R.-C. / Emplacement age and Sr-Nd isotopic compositions of the Afrikanda alkaline ultramafic complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. In: Chemical Geology. 2013 ; Vol. 353. pp. 210-229.
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abstract = "The Kola Peninsula is characterized by diverse alkaline magmatism, including alkaline ultramafic, carbonatite, {"}kimberlite{"} and agpaitic rocks, although many aspects of the ages of emplacement and petrogenesis remain unresolved. In this study, rocks from the Afrikanda complex (pyroxenite, ijolite, melteigite, carbonatite, and perovskite ore) were selected for U-Pb age determination and Sr-Nd isotopic analyses using in situ ion probe and laser ablation techniques. The perovskite U-Pb ages are 377±6 (pyroxenite), 379±5 to 385±5 (calcite-bearing perovskite ore) and 376±5 (ijolite-melteigite) Ma, indicating that the different phases of the complex were contemporaneously emplaced at ~380Ma. These ages are comparable to those obtained previously for Afrikanda rocks, and other alkaline ultramafic, carbonatitic, {"}kimberlitic{"} and agpaitic complexes in the area; suggesting that the majority of alkaline magmatism in the Kola Peninsula occurred at ~375-380Ma. Sr-Nd isotopic analyses of perovskite, titanite, apatite, and calcite indicate that the Afrikanda complex was derived from a depleted mantle. However, these data suggest that silicate and carbonatitic magmas are not related by simple crystal fractionation within a closed magmatic system. The silicate magma has an initial 87Sr/86Sr isotopic ratio of ~0.7034 to 0.7038 and εNd(t)380 value of ~+2.0 to +4.9, whereas the carbonatitic magma was more primitive with the above values of ~0.7033 to 0.7035 and εNd(t)380~+5.1 to +5.8, suggesting that either both magmas were derived from two distinct mantle sources or by contamination of a melts derived from a single source. In combination with other geochronological and geochemical data for other complexes in the area, it is proposed that the Kola alkaline magmatism was controlled by mantle plume activity at ~380Ma.",
author = "F.-Y. Wu and A.A. Arzamastsev and R.H. Mitchell and Q.-L. Li and J. Sun and Y.-H. Yang and R.-C. Wang",
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Emplacement age and Sr-Nd isotopic compositions of the Afrikanda alkaline ultramafic complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. / Wu, F.-Y.; Arzamastsev, A.A.; Mitchell, R.H.; Li, Q.-L.; Sun, J.; Yang, Y.-H.; Wang, R.-C.

In: Chemical Geology, Vol. 353, 2013, p. 210-229.

Research output

TY - JOUR

T1 - Emplacement age and Sr-Nd isotopic compositions of the Afrikanda alkaline ultramafic complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia

AU - Wu, F.-Y.

AU - Arzamastsev, A.A.

AU - Mitchell, R.H.

AU - Li, Q.-L.

AU - Sun, J.

AU - Yang, Y.-H.

AU - Wang, R.-C.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The Kola Peninsula is characterized by diverse alkaline magmatism, including alkaline ultramafic, carbonatite, "kimberlite" and agpaitic rocks, although many aspects of the ages of emplacement and petrogenesis remain unresolved. In this study, rocks from the Afrikanda complex (pyroxenite, ijolite, melteigite, carbonatite, and perovskite ore) were selected for U-Pb age determination and Sr-Nd isotopic analyses using in situ ion probe and laser ablation techniques. The perovskite U-Pb ages are 377±6 (pyroxenite), 379±5 to 385±5 (calcite-bearing perovskite ore) and 376±5 (ijolite-melteigite) Ma, indicating that the different phases of the complex were contemporaneously emplaced at ~380Ma. These ages are comparable to those obtained previously for Afrikanda rocks, and other alkaline ultramafic, carbonatitic, "kimberlitic" and agpaitic complexes in the area; suggesting that the majority of alkaline magmatism in the Kola Peninsula occurred at ~375-380Ma. Sr-Nd isotopic analyses of perovskite, titanite, apatite, and calcite indicate that the Afrikanda complex was derived from a depleted mantle. However, these data suggest that silicate and carbonatitic magmas are not related by simple crystal fractionation within a closed magmatic system. The silicate magma has an initial 87Sr/86Sr isotopic ratio of ~0.7034 to 0.7038 and εNd(t)380 value of ~+2.0 to +4.9, whereas the carbonatitic magma was more primitive with the above values of ~0.7033 to 0.7035 and εNd(t)380~+5.1 to +5.8, suggesting that either both magmas were derived from two distinct mantle sources or by contamination of a melts derived from a single source. In combination with other geochronological and geochemical data for other complexes in the area, it is proposed that the Kola alkaline magmatism was controlled by mantle plume activity at ~380Ma.

AB - The Kola Peninsula is characterized by diverse alkaline magmatism, including alkaline ultramafic, carbonatite, "kimberlite" and agpaitic rocks, although many aspects of the ages of emplacement and petrogenesis remain unresolved. In this study, rocks from the Afrikanda complex (pyroxenite, ijolite, melteigite, carbonatite, and perovskite ore) were selected for U-Pb age determination and Sr-Nd isotopic analyses using in situ ion probe and laser ablation techniques. The perovskite U-Pb ages are 377±6 (pyroxenite), 379±5 to 385±5 (calcite-bearing perovskite ore) and 376±5 (ijolite-melteigite) Ma, indicating that the different phases of the complex were contemporaneously emplaced at ~380Ma. These ages are comparable to those obtained previously for Afrikanda rocks, and other alkaline ultramafic, carbonatitic, "kimberlitic" and agpaitic complexes in the area; suggesting that the majority of alkaline magmatism in the Kola Peninsula occurred at ~375-380Ma. Sr-Nd isotopic analyses of perovskite, titanite, apatite, and calcite indicate that the Afrikanda complex was derived from a depleted mantle. However, these data suggest that silicate and carbonatitic magmas are not related by simple crystal fractionation within a closed magmatic system. The silicate magma has an initial 87Sr/86Sr isotopic ratio of ~0.7034 to 0.7038 and εNd(t)380 value of ~+2.0 to +4.9, whereas the carbonatitic magma was more primitive with the above values of ~0.7033 to 0.7035 and εNd(t)380~+5.1 to +5.8, suggesting that either both magmas were derived from two distinct mantle sources or by contamination of a melts derived from a single source. In combination with other geochronological and geochemical data for other complexes in the area, it is proposed that the Kola alkaline magmatism was controlled by mantle plume activity at ~380Ma.

U2 - 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2012.09.027

DO - 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2012.09.027

M3 - Article

VL - 353

SP - 210

EP - 229

JO - Chemical Geology

JF - Chemical Geology

SN - 0009-2541

ER -