Intrinsically conductive polymer poly(N,N′-bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)ethylenediamine nickel(II)) (poly[Ni(CH3Osalen)]:PSS) has been synthesized by electrochemical polymerization from the [Ni(CH3Osalen)] solution containing tetrabutylammonium poly(styrenesulfonate) (TBAPSS). Cyclic voltammetry and in situ EQCM data demonstrated that electrochemical properties of poly[Ni(CH3Osalen)]:PSS are highly dependent on the nature of electrolyte solutions. A wider range of electrochemical activity, higher values of conductance and binary diffusion coefficient in TBAPSS solution are observed than in LiClO4, but the capacity values of films are higher in LiClO4 solution. The introduction of PSS− polyanion during synthesis of polymer film induced cationic mode of charge transport for poly[Ni(CH3Osalen)]. This type of PSS− doped polymers can be used as ion-exchange membranes. The combined electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and in situ conductance measurements on interdigitated electrodes were analyzed using the model concepts of Matthias and Haas, and Einstein relation. This novel approach allowed separating the diffusion coefficient into its ionic and electronic constituents. The ionic diffusion was found to be the limiting factor. Strong association of lithium cation with both the PSS− polyanion and methoxy-groups may be the cause of lower values of diffusion coefficients in LiClO4 solutions. The proposed model is suitable for further studies of similar systems.
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- Chemical Engineering(all)