Effect of boron and nitrogen additives on structure and transport properties of arc-produced carbon

O. V. Sedelnikova, Yu V. Fedoseeva, A. I. Romanenko, A. V. Gusel'nikov, O. Yu Vilkov, E. A. Maksimovskiy, D. S. Bychanok, P. P. Kuzhir, L. G. Bulusheva, A. V. Okotrub

Research output

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have studied the effect of introduction of boron, nitrogen or both elements into an electric arc on the morphology and the conductivity of the resultant carbon products. Scanning and transmission electron microscopies showed that the use of a boron-filled graphite electrode and a nitrogen gas during the arc discharge synthesis strongly affects the growth kinetics of carbon nanoparticles. The addition of boron promotes the formation of short, defective carbon nanotubes. In contrast, involvement of nitrogen in the synthesis process produces more perfect carbon nanostructures, including graphitic plates. Evaporation of a boron-filled electrode in a nitrogen atmosphere leads to BN co-doping of the carbon product. The concentration of each dopant is ca. 1 at.% and this value is twice greater than that for the cases of individual dopants. Among the studied materials, the BN-doped one possessed the highest conductivity, and this was attributed to the synergetic effect of co-doping. A substitution of carbon atoms by boron or nitrogen resulted in the p- or n-type doping of the samples, respectively. The evolution of conductivity with temperature and magnetic field showed that transport properties of the arc discharge synthesis products are strongly dependent on the charge carrier concentration, morphology and crystallinity of carbon nanoparticles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)660-668
Number of pages9
JournalCarbon
Volume143
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Fingerprint

Boron
Transport properties
Nitrogen
Carbon
Doping (additives)
Nanoparticles
Graphite electrodes
Carbon Nanotubes
Electric arcs
Growth kinetics
Charge carriers
Chemical elements
Discharge (fluid mechanics)
Carrier concentration
Nanostructures
Carbon nanotubes
Evaporation
Temperature distribution
Substitution reactions
Gases

Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Sedelnikova, O. V., Fedoseeva, Y. V., Romanenko, A. I., Gusel'nikov, A. V., Vilkov, O. Y., Maksimovskiy, E. A., ... Okotrub, A. V. (2019). Effect of boron and nitrogen additives on structure and transport properties of arc-produced carbon. Carbon, 143, 660-668. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2018.11.071
Sedelnikova, O. V. ; Fedoseeva, Yu V. ; Romanenko, A. I. ; Gusel'nikov, A. V. ; Vilkov, O. Yu ; Maksimovskiy, E. A. ; Bychanok, D. S. ; Kuzhir, P. P. ; Bulusheva, L. G. ; Okotrub, A. V. / Effect of boron and nitrogen additives on structure and transport properties of arc-produced carbon. In: Carbon. 2019 ; Vol. 143. pp. 660-668.
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abstract = "We have studied the effect of introduction of boron, nitrogen or both elements into an electric arc on the morphology and the conductivity of the resultant carbon products. Scanning and transmission electron microscopies showed that the use of a boron-filled graphite electrode and a nitrogen gas during the arc discharge synthesis strongly affects the growth kinetics of carbon nanoparticles. The addition of boron promotes the formation of short, defective carbon nanotubes. In contrast, involvement of nitrogen in the synthesis process produces more perfect carbon nanostructures, including graphitic plates. Evaporation of a boron-filled electrode in a nitrogen atmosphere leads to BN co-doping of the carbon product. The concentration of each dopant is ca. 1 at.{\%} and this value is twice greater than that for the cases of individual dopants. Among the studied materials, the BN-doped one possessed the highest conductivity, and this was attributed to the synergetic effect of co-doping. A substitution of carbon atoms by boron or nitrogen resulted in the p- or n-type doping of the samples, respectively. The evolution of conductivity with temperature and magnetic field showed that transport properties of the arc discharge synthesis products are strongly dependent on the charge carrier concentration, morphology and crystallinity of carbon nanoparticles.",
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Sedelnikova, OV, Fedoseeva, YV, Romanenko, AI, Gusel'nikov, AV, Vilkov, OY, Maksimovskiy, EA, Bychanok, DS, Kuzhir, PP, Bulusheva, LG & Okotrub, AV 2019, 'Effect of boron and nitrogen additives on structure and transport properties of arc-produced carbon', Carbon, vol. 143, pp. 660-668. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2018.11.071

Effect of boron and nitrogen additives on structure and transport properties of arc-produced carbon. / Sedelnikova, O. V.; Fedoseeva, Yu V.; Romanenko, A. I.; Gusel'nikov, A. V.; Vilkov, O. Yu; Maksimovskiy, E. A.; Bychanok, D. S.; Kuzhir, P. P.; Bulusheva, L. G.; Okotrub, A. V.

In: Carbon, Vol. 143, 2019, p. 660-668.

Research output

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of boron and nitrogen additives on structure and transport properties of arc-produced carbon

AU - Sedelnikova, O. V.

AU - Fedoseeva, Yu V.

AU - Romanenko, A. I.

AU - Gusel'nikov, A. V.

AU - Vilkov, O. Yu

AU - Maksimovskiy, E. A.

AU - Bychanok, D. S.

AU - Kuzhir, P. P.

AU - Bulusheva, L. G.

AU - Okotrub, A. V.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - We have studied the effect of introduction of boron, nitrogen or both elements into an electric arc on the morphology and the conductivity of the resultant carbon products. Scanning and transmission electron microscopies showed that the use of a boron-filled graphite electrode and a nitrogen gas during the arc discharge synthesis strongly affects the growth kinetics of carbon nanoparticles. The addition of boron promotes the formation of short, defective carbon nanotubes. In contrast, involvement of nitrogen in the synthesis process produces more perfect carbon nanostructures, including graphitic plates. Evaporation of a boron-filled electrode in a nitrogen atmosphere leads to BN co-doping of the carbon product. The concentration of each dopant is ca. 1 at.% and this value is twice greater than that for the cases of individual dopants. Among the studied materials, the BN-doped one possessed the highest conductivity, and this was attributed to the synergetic effect of co-doping. A substitution of carbon atoms by boron or nitrogen resulted in the p- or n-type doping of the samples, respectively. The evolution of conductivity with temperature and magnetic field showed that transport properties of the arc discharge synthesis products are strongly dependent on the charge carrier concentration, morphology and crystallinity of carbon nanoparticles.

AB - We have studied the effect of introduction of boron, nitrogen or both elements into an electric arc on the morphology and the conductivity of the resultant carbon products. Scanning and transmission electron microscopies showed that the use of a boron-filled graphite electrode and a nitrogen gas during the arc discharge synthesis strongly affects the growth kinetics of carbon nanoparticles. The addition of boron promotes the formation of short, defective carbon nanotubes. In contrast, involvement of nitrogen in the synthesis process produces more perfect carbon nanostructures, including graphitic plates. Evaporation of a boron-filled electrode in a nitrogen atmosphere leads to BN co-doping of the carbon product. The concentration of each dopant is ca. 1 at.% and this value is twice greater than that for the cases of individual dopants. Among the studied materials, the BN-doped one possessed the highest conductivity, and this was attributed to the synergetic effect of co-doping. A substitution of carbon atoms by boron or nitrogen resulted in the p- or n-type doping of the samples, respectively. The evolution of conductivity with temperature and magnetic field showed that transport properties of the arc discharge synthesis products are strongly dependent on the charge carrier concentration, morphology and crystallinity of carbon nanoparticles.

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DO - 10.1016/j.carbon.2018.11.071

M3 - Article

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EP - 668

JO - Carbon

JF - Carbon

SN - 0008-6223

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