Early Palaeolithic evidence from the Euphrates River basin, Eastern Turkey

D. V. Ozherelyev, V. G. Trifonov, H. Çelik, Ya I. Trikhunkov, P. D. Frolov, A. N. Simakova

Research output

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Early Palaeolithic finds older than Acheulean were unknown in Eastern Anatolia until recently. During exploratory works carried out by a joint Russian-Turkish expedition in the Euphrates River basin (2014–2016), several stratified Early Palaeolithic localities were found. Lithic finds are represented by choppers, picks, retouched tools, and flakes. A similar stone tool industry has been found in the Caucasus (Armenia, Dagestan). In addition to the archaeological typological dating of lithic tools in eastern Turkey, geomorphological, stratigraphic, paleontological, and paleomagnetic records also confirm the Early Pleistocene age of the localities. Some of these sites are dated to before the Olduvai subchron, i.e., ∼2 Ma. New Early Palaeolithic discoveries in Eastern Turkey are important for the study of the oldest human cultures of the Middle East and the Caucasus. Acheulean and Middle Palaeolithic stone tools were also found in the lower river terraces of tributaries of the Euphrates, south of the Taurus Mountains. These finds were used to date the terraces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-86
Number of pages14
JournalQuaternary International
Volume509
Early online dateApr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2019

Fingerprint

Paleolithic
river basin
Olduvai event
river terrace
terrace
tributary
Pleistocene
mountain
industry
stone

Scopus subject areas

  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

Ozherelyev, D. V., Trifonov, V. G., Çelik, H., Trikhunkov, Y. I., Frolov, P. D., & Simakova, A. N. (2019). Early Palaeolithic evidence from the Euphrates River basin, Eastern Turkey. Quaternary International, 509, 73-86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2018.02.035
Ozherelyev, D. V. ; Trifonov, V. G. ; Çelik, H. ; Trikhunkov, Ya I. ; Frolov, P. D. ; Simakova, A. N. / Early Palaeolithic evidence from the Euphrates River basin, Eastern Turkey. In: Quaternary International. 2019 ; Vol. 509. pp. 73-86.
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Ozherelyev, DV, Trifonov, VG, Çelik, H, Trikhunkov, YI, Frolov, PD & Simakova, AN 2019, 'Early Palaeolithic evidence from the Euphrates River basin, Eastern Turkey', Quaternary International, vol. 509, pp. 73-86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2018.02.035

Early Palaeolithic evidence from the Euphrates River basin, Eastern Turkey. / Ozherelyev, D. V.; Trifonov, V. G.; Çelik, H.; Trikhunkov, Ya I.; Frolov, P. D.; Simakova, A. N.

In: Quaternary International, Vol. 509, 10.03.2019, p. 73-86.

Research output

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AU - Ozherelyev, D. V.

AU - Trifonov, V. G.

AU - Çelik, H.

AU - Trikhunkov, Ya I.

AU - Frolov, P. D.

AU - Simakova, A. N.

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Ozherelyev DV, Trifonov VG, Çelik H, Trikhunkov YI, Frolov PD, Simakova AN. Early Palaeolithic evidence from the Euphrates River basin, Eastern Turkey. Quaternary International. 2019 Mar 10;509:73-86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2018.02.035