Do the observations confirm the high-speed flow braking model for substorms?

AG Yahnin, IA Kornilov, TA Kornilova, VA Sergeev, ATY Lui, K Liou, CI Meng, A Pajunpaa

Research outputpeer-review

Abstract

We selected several cases when Geotal satellite situated in the mid-tail was in conjunction with ground-based all-sky TV cameras observing auroral breakups. Localisation of auroral events within the field of view of ground-based stations has been controlled by the Polar imager data. Some of the events exhibited the existence of high-speed (500-700 km/s) Earthward plasma flows within the plasma sheet before the breakups. To verify if the fast flow could be a cause of the breakups a detailed consideration and timing of the phenomena has been done. We concluded that in the considered cases there was no causal relationship between fast Earthward flows and breakups. In addition a search for auroral precursors, which could occur poleward of pre-breakup are just before breakup, has been performed. As such structures might be subvisual, some filtration methods were applied to the TV data. Our analysis did not show any auroral precursors. Thus, our observations failed to confirm the model of substorm, which connects the auroral onset with the braking of the high-speed Earthward plasma flow.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPROCEEDINGS OF THE FIFTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SUBSTORMS
EditorsA Wilson
PublisherESA Publication Division
Pages345-348
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)92-9092-772-0
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Event5th International Conference on Substorms - ST PETERSBURG
Duration: 16 May 200020 May 2000

Publication series

NameESA SPECIAL PUBLICATIONS
PublisherESA PUBLICATIONS DIVISION C/O ESTEC
Volume443
ISSN (Print)0379-6566

Conference

Conference5th International Conference on Substorms
CityST PETERSBURG
Period16/05/0020/05/00

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