The behaviour of energy levels and optical spectra of a charged particle (electron or hole) confined within a potential well of ellipsoidal shape is investigated as a function of the shape-anisotropy parameter. If two energy levels of the same symmetry intersect in a perturbation-theory approximation, they move apart on direct diagonalization of the appropriate Hamiltonian. The intersection of the energy levels leads to a discontinuity of the corresponding dipole-moment matrix element. The discontinuity of matrix elements is not reflected in the behaviour of transition probabilities which are continuous functions of the shape-anisotropy parameter. The profiles of a spectral line emitted or absorbed by an ensemble of ellipsoidally shaped nanoparticles with a Gaussian distribution of size are calculated and discussed.
Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering