Abstract

The reaction of cis-[PdCl2(CNXyl)2] (Xyl = 2,6-Me2C6H3) with various 1,3-thiazol- and 1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-amines in chloroform gives a mixture of two regioisomeric binuclear diaminocarbene complexes. For 1,3-thiazol-2-amines the isomeric ratio depends on the reaction conditions and kinetically (KRs) or thermodynamically (TRs) controlled regioisomers were obtained at room temperature and on heating, respectively. In CHCl3 solutions, the isomers are subject to reversible isomerization accompanied by the cleavage of Pd–N and C–N bonds in the carbene fragment XylNCN(R)Xyl. Results of DFT calculations followed by the topological analysis of the electron density distribution within the formalism of Bader’s theory (AIM method) reveal that in CHCl3 solution the relative stability of the regioisomers (ΔGexp = 1.2 kcal/mol; ΔGcalcd = 3.2 kcal/mol) is determined by the energy difference between two types of the intramolecular chalcogen bonds, viz. S···Cl in KRs (2.8–3.0 kcal/mol) and S···N in TRs (4.6–5.3 kcal/mol). In t
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14129–14137
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume138
Issue number42
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Chalcogens
Amines
Electronic density of states
Chloroform
Chlorine compounds
Isomerization
Discrete Fourier transforms
Isomers
Heating
Electrons
Temperature

Cite this

@article{d2d459a25c894ac6813726e5985f7bd3,
title = "Difference in Energy between Two Distinct Types of Chalcogen Bonds Drives Regioisomerization of Binuclear (Diaminocarbene)PdII Complexes",
abstract = "The reaction of cis-[PdCl2(CNXyl)2] (Xyl = 2,6-Me2C6H3) with various 1,3-thiazol- and 1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-amines in chloroform gives a mixture of two regioisomeric binuclear diaminocarbene complexes. For 1,3-thiazol-2-amines the isomeric ratio depends on the reaction conditions and kinetically (KRs) or thermodynamically (TRs) controlled regioisomers were obtained at room temperature and on heating, respectively. In CHCl3 solutions, the isomers are subject to reversible isomerization accompanied by the cleavage of Pd–N and C–N bonds in the carbene fragment XylNCN(R)Xyl. Results of DFT calculations followed by the topological analysis of the electron density distribution within the formalism of Bader’s theory (AIM method) reveal that in CHCl3 solution the relative stability of the regioisomers (ΔGexp = 1.2 kcal/mol; ΔGcalcd = 3.2 kcal/mol) is determined by the energy difference between two types of the intramolecular chalcogen bonds, viz. S···Cl in KRs (2.8–3.0 kcal/mol) and S···N in TRs (4.6–5.3 kcal/mol). In t",
author = "Mikherdov, {Alexander S.} and Kinzhalov, {Mikhail A.} and Novikov, {Alexander S.} and Boyarskiy, {Vadim P.} and Boyarskaya, {Irina A.} and Dar’in, {Dmitry V.} and Starova, {Galina L.} and Kukushkin, {Vadim Yu.}",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1021/jacs.6b09133",
language = "English",
volume = "138",
pages = "14129–14137",
journal = "Journal of the American Chemical Society",
issn = "0002-7863",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "42",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Difference in Energy between Two Distinct Types of Chalcogen Bonds Drives Regioisomerization of Binuclear (Diaminocarbene)PdII Complexes

AU - Mikherdov, Alexander S.

AU - Kinzhalov, Mikhail A.

AU - Novikov, Alexander S.

AU - Boyarskiy, Vadim P.

AU - Boyarskaya, Irina A.

AU - Dar’in, Dmitry V.

AU - Starova, Galina L.

AU - Kukushkin, Vadim Yu.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The reaction of cis-[PdCl2(CNXyl)2] (Xyl = 2,6-Me2C6H3) with various 1,3-thiazol- and 1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-amines in chloroform gives a mixture of two regioisomeric binuclear diaminocarbene complexes. For 1,3-thiazol-2-amines the isomeric ratio depends on the reaction conditions and kinetically (KRs) or thermodynamically (TRs) controlled regioisomers were obtained at room temperature and on heating, respectively. In CHCl3 solutions, the isomers are subject to reversible isomerization accompanied by the cleavage of Pd–N and C–N bonds in the carbene fragment XylNCN(R)Xyl. Results of DFT calculations followed by the topological analysis of the electron density distribution within the formalism of Bader’s theory (AIM method) reveal that in CHCl3 solution the relative stability of the regioisomers (ΔGexp = 1.2 kcal/mol; ΔGcalcd = 3.2 kcal/mol) is determined by the energy difference between two types of the intramolecular chalcogen bonds, viz. S···Cl in KRs (2.8–3.0 kcal/mol) and S···N in TRs (4.6–5.3 kcal/mol). In t

AB - The reaction of cis-[PdCl2(CNXyl)2] (Xyl = 2,6-Me2C6H3) with various 1,3-thiazol- and 1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-amines in chloroform gives a mixture of two regioisomeric binuclear diaminocarbene complexes. For 1,3-thiazol-2-amines the isomeric ratio depends on the reaction conditions and kinetically (KRs) or thermodynamically (TRs) controlled regioisomers were obtained at room temperature and on heating, respectively. In CHCl3 solutions, the isomers are subject to reversible isomerization accompanied by the cleavage of Pd–N and C–N bonds in the carbene fragment XylNCN(R)Xyl. Results of DFT calculations followed by the topological analysis of the electron density distribution within the formalism of Bader’s theory (AIM method) reveal that in CHCl3 solution the relative stability of the regioisomers (ΔGexp = 1.2 kcal/mol; ΔGcalcd = 3.2 kcal/mol) is determined by the energy difference between two types of the intramolecular chalcogen bonds, viz. S···Cl in KRs (2.8–3.0 kcal/mol) and S···N in TRs (4.6–5.3 kcal/mol). In t

U2 - 10.1021/jacs.6b09133

DO - 10.1021/jacs.6b09133

M3 - Article

VL - 138

SP - 14129

EP - 14137

JO - Journal of the American Chemical Society

JF - Journal of the American Chemical Society

SN - 0002-7863

IS - 42

ER -