Abstract

The processes of stone and bronze destruction of the monuments in the Necropoleis were studied as a result of the monitoring. All forms of stone weathering, (mechanical damages, deposits, stone loss) are examined, their classification is proposed, the frequency of occurrence on various rock types is assessed. Particular attention is paid to biodegradation of the stone under the influence of microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, lichens and algae), formation of gypsum-rich patina on the surface of carbonate rocks and patina on the surface of bronze monuments.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Effect of the Environment on Saint Petersburgs Cultural Heritage Results of Monitoring the Historical Necropolis Monuments. Сер. "Geoheritage, Geoparks and Geotourism"
EditorsOlga V. Frank-Kamenetskaya, Dmitry Yu. Vlasov, Vera V. Rytikova
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer Nature
Pages75-96
ISBN (Electronic)9783319790729
ISBN (Print)9783319790718
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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