DEALING WITH A RESURGENT RUSSIA: ENGAGEMENT AND DETERRENCE IN US INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING, 2013-2019

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Abstract

Among the numerous discussions of US international broadcasting, the regional dimension in terms of American projects in Russia and its neighboring states are rarely given explicit consideration. The paper reviews the strategies, projects, and their results in connection with US international broadcasting towards Russia and, more broadly, towards Eastern Europe and the post-Soviet space. The first section reviews the shifts in US international broadcasting during the period of 2013-2016, when the administration of Barack Obama introduced new strategies and projects to engage the Russian audience through US international media. The second section demonstrates how the sanctions imposed against Moscow and investigations about the possible Russian impact on elections in both United States and Europe have modified international broadcasting in terms of introducing a new deterrence policy during the period of 2017-2019. The paper concludes that the United States has gained some success in reaching the Russian-speaking populations through international broadcasting and, moreover, its datadriven digital diplomacy has brought some results in containing Russia’s informational activities in Eastern Europe, Balkan region, and post-Soviet countries. While the administration of Barack Obama conducted the policy of engagement towards the Russian-speaking world, the first administration of Donald Trump is pursing the policy of deterrence.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-449
JournalВЕСТНИК САНКТ-ПЕТЕРБУРГСКОГО УНИВЕРСИТЕТА. МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫЕ ОТНОШЕНИЯ
Volume12
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2019

Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Political Science and International Relations

Keywords

  • public diplomacy
  • United States
  • sanctions
  • Russia
  • Eastern Europe
  • international broadcasting
  • big data
  • digital diplomacy
  • data-driven diplomacy

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