Crystallographic insights into uranyl sulfate minerals formation: Synthesis and crystal structures of three novel cesium uranyl sulfates

Olga S. Tyumentseva, Ilya V. Kornyakov, Sergey N. Britvin, Andrey A. Zolotarev, Vladislav V. Gurzhiy

Research output

Abstract

An alteration of the uranyl oxide hydroxy-hydrate mineral schoepite [(UO2)8 O2 (OH)12 ] (H2 O)12 at mild hydrothermal conditions was studied. As the result, four different crystalline phases Cs[(UO2)(SO4)(OH)](H2 O)0.25 (1), Cs3 [(UO2)4 (SO4)2 O3 (OH)](H2 O)3 (2), Cs6 [(UO2)2 (SO4)5 ](H2 O)3 (3), and Cs2 [(UO2)(SO4)2 ] (4) were obtained, including three novel compounds. The obtained Cs uranyl sulfate compounds 1, 3, and 4 were analyzed using single-crystal XRD, EDX, as well as topological analysis and information-based structural complexity measures. The crystal structure of 3 was based on the 1D complex, the topology of which was unprecedented for the structural chemistry of inorganic oxysalts. Crystal chemical analysis performed herein suggested that the majority of the uranyl sulfates minerals were grown from heated solutions, and the temperature range could be assumed from the manner of interpolyhedral linkage. The presence of edge-sharing uranyl bipyramids most likely pointed to the temperatures of higher than 100 C. The linkage of sulfate tetrahedra with uranyl polyhedra through the common edges involved elevated temperatures but of lower values (~70–100 C). Complexity parameters of the synthetic compounds were generally lower than that of uranyl sulfate minerals, whose structures were based on the complexes with the same or genetically similar topologies. The topological complexity of the uranyl sulfate structural units contributed the major portion to the overall complexity of the synthesized compounds, while the complexity of the respective minerals was largely governed by the interstitial structure and H-bonding system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number660
JournalCrystals
Volume9
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

Fingerprint

Sulfate minerals
Cesium
cesium
Sulfates
sulfates
Crystal structure
minerals
crystal structure
Minerals
synthesis
Topology
linkages
Hydrates
topology
Temperature
Oxides
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Single crystals
Crystalline materials
Crystals

Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

@article{e838461d929a4fd1ab6ce8516c7fe33d,
title = "Crystallographic insights into uranyl sulfate minerals formation: Synthesis and crystal structures of three novel cesium uranyl sulfates",
abstract = "An alteration of the uranyl oxide hydroxy-hydrate mineral schoepite [(UO2)8 O2 (OH)12 ] (H2 O)12 at mild hydrothermal conditions was studied. As the result, four different crystalline phases Cs[(UO2)(SO4)(OH)](H2 O)0.25 (1), Cs3 [(UO2)4 (SO4)2 O3 (OH)](H2 O)3 (2), Cs6 [(UO2)2 (SO4)5 ](H2 O)3 (3), and Cs2 [(UO2)(SO4)2 ] (4) were obtained, including three novel compounds. The obtained Cs uranyl sulfate compounds 1, 3, and 4 were analyzed using single-crystal XRD, EDX, as well as topological analysis and information-based structural complexity measures. The crystal structure of 3 was based on the 1D complex, the topology of which was unprecedented for the structural chemistry of inorganic oxysalts. Crystal chemical analysis performed herein suggested that the majority of the uranyl sulfates minerals were grown from heated solutions, and the temperature range could be assumed from the manner of interpolyhedral linkage. The presence of edge-sharing uranyl bipyramids most likely pointed to the temperatures of higher than 100◦ C. The linkage of sulfate tetrahedra with uranyl polyhedra through the common edges involved elevated temperatures but of lower values (~70–100◦ C). Complexity parameters of the synthetic compounds were generally lower than that of uranyl sulfate minerals, whose structures were based on the complexes with the same or genetically similar topologies. The topological complexity of the uranyl sulfate structural units contributed the major portion to the overall complexity of the synthesized compounds, while the complexity of the respective minerals was largely governed by the interstitial structure and H-bonding system.",
keywords = "Cesium, Crystal structure, Hydroxy-hydrate, Schoepite, Structural complexity, Sulfate, Topology, Uranyl",
author = "Tyumentseva, {Olga S.} and Kornyakov, {Ilya V.} and Britvin, {Sergey N.} and Zolotarev, {Andrey A.} and Gurzhiy, {Vladislav V.}",
year = "2019",
month = "12",
doi = "10.3390/cryst9120660",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Crystals",
issn = "2073-4352",
publisher = "MDPI AG",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Crystallographic insights into uranyl sulfate minerals formation

T2 - Synthesis and crystal structures of three novel cesium uranyl sulfates

AU - Tyumentseva, Olga S.

AU - Kornyakov, Ilya V.

AU - Britvin, Sergey N.

AU - Zolotarev, Andrey A.

AU - Gurzhiy, Vladislav V.

PY - 2019/12

Y1 - 2019/12

N2 - An alteration of the uranyl oxide hydroxy-hydrate mineral schoepite [(UO2)8 O2 (OH)12 ] (H2 O)12 at mild hydrothermal conditions was studied. As the result, four different crystalline phases Cs[(UO2)(SO4)(OH)](H2 O)0.25 (1), Cs3 [(UO2)4 (SO4)2 O3 (OH)](H2 O)3 (2), Cs6 [(UO2)2 (SO4)5 ](H2 O)3 (3), and Cs2 [(UO2)(SO4)2 ] (4) were obtained, including three novel compounds. The obtained Cs uranyl sulfate compounds 1, 3, and 4 were analyzed using single-crystal XRD, EDX, as well as topological analysis and information-based structural complexity measures. The crystal structure of 3 was based on the 1D complex, the topology of which was unprecedented for the structural chemistry of inorganic oxysalts. Crystal chemical analysis performed herein suggested that the majority of the uranyl sulfates minerals were grown from heated solutions, and the temperature range could be assumed from the manner of interpolyhedral linkage. The presence of edge-sharing uranyl bipyramids most likely pointed to the temperatures of higher than 100◦ C. The linkage of sulfate tetrahedra with uranyl polyhedra through the common edges involved elevated temperatures but of lower values (~70–100◦ C). Complexity parameters of the synthetic compounds were generally lower than that of uranyl sulfate minerals, whose structures were based on the complexes with the same or genetically similar topologies. The topological complexity of the uranyl sulfate structural units contributed the major portion to the overall complexity of the synthesized compounds, while the complexity of the respective minerals was largely governed by the interstitial structure and H-bonding system.

AB - An alteration of the uranyl oxide hydroxy-hydrate mineral schoepite [(UO2)8 O2 (OH)12 ] (H2 O)12 at mild hydrothermal conditions was studied. As the result, four different crystalline phases Cs[(UO2)(SO4)(OH)](H2 O)0.25 (1), Cs3 [(UO2)4 (SO4)2 O3 (OH)](H2 O)3 (2), Cs6 [(UO2)2 (SO4)5 ](H2 O)3 (3), and Cs2 [(UO2)(SO4)2 ] (4) were obtained, including three novel compounds. The obtained Cs uranyl sulfate compounds 1, 3, and 4 were analyzed using single-crystal XRD, EDX, as well as topological analysis and information-based structural complexity measures. The crystal structure of 3 was based on the 1D complex, the topology of which was unprecedented for the structural chemistry of inorganic oxysalts. Crystal chemical analysis performed herein suggested that the majority of the uranyl sulfates minerals were grown from heated solutions, and the temperature range could be assumed from the manner of interpolyhedral linkage. The presence of edge-sharing uranyl bipyramids most likely pointed to the temperatures of higher than 100◦ C. The linkage of sulfate tetrahedra with uranyl polyhedra through the common edges involved elevated temperatures but of lower values (~70–100◦ C). Complexity parameters of the synthetic compounds were generally lower than that of uranyl sulfate minerals, whose structures were based on the complexes with the same or genetically similar topologies. The topological complexity of the uranyl sulfate structural units contributed the major portion to the overall complexity of the synthesized compounds, while the complexity of the respective minerals was largely governed by the interstitial structure and H-bonding system.

KW - Cesium

KW - Crystal structure

KW - Hydroxy-hydrate

KW - Schoepite

KW - Structural complexity

KW - Sulfate

KW - Topology

KW - Uranyl

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U2 - 10.3390/cryst9120660

DO - 10.3390/cryst9120660

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85077254150

VL - 9

JO - Crystals

JF - Crystals

SN - 2073-4352

IS - 12

M1 - 660

ER -