Controllable structuring of exciton-polariton condensates in cylindrical pillar microcavities

V.K. Kalevich, M.M. Afanasiev, V.A. Lukoshkin, D.D. Solnyshkov, G. Malpuech, K.V. Kavokin, S.I. Tsintzos, Z. Hatzopoulos, P.G. Savvidis, A.V. Kavokin

Research output

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We observe condensation of exciton polaritons in quantum states composed of concentric rings when exciting cylindrical pillar GaAs/AlGaAs microcavities nonresonantly by a focused laser beam normally incident at the center of the pillar. The number of rings depends on the pumping intensity and the pillar size, andmay achieve 5 in the pillar of 40 μm diameter. Breaking the axial symmetry when moving the excitation spot away from the pillar center leads to transformation of the rings into a number of bright lobes corresponding to quantum states with nonzero angular momenta. The number of lobes, their shape, and location are dependent on the spot position.We describe the out-of-equilibrium condensation of polaritons in the states with different principal quantum numbers and angular momenta with a formalism based on Boltzmann-Gross-Pitaevskii equations accounting for repulsion of polaritons from the exciton reservoir formed at the excitation spot and their spatial confinement by the pillar boundary.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)045305_1-9
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume91
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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