Comparative ethno-ecological evaluation of the sustainability of traditional reindeer herding on Kola and Yamal peninsulas

K. Klokov, S. Khruschev

Research output

Abstract

The target of the investigation was the comparative analysis of conditions determining the dynamics and sustainability of reindeer herding in two Arctic regions – Kola and Yamal peninsulas – based on the authors’ field studies (20102014) and official statistic data. In the 1960s the reindeer stock on Kola and Yamal was commeasurable (74,200 and 103,100 in 1961), however, for the next half a century the difference increased. In 2014 in these regions there were, correspondingly, 54,900 and 293,600 of reindeer. We tried to clear out what it is connected with. Although reindeer husbandries on Kola and Yamal peninsulas have much in common (big herds, long summerwinter migrations from North to South, orientation on meat production), they have also a number of important differences. On Yamal nomadic Nenets herders migrate with their families all year round. Herds are controlled and managed continuously. The majority of reindeer are owned by nomadic families. On Kola peninsula herders’ families live in settlements. T
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016
Pages31-38
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

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herding
reindeer
meat production
Arctic region
statistics
herds

Cite this

Klokov, K., & Khruschev, S. (2016). Comparative ethno-ecological evaluation of the sustainability of traditional reindeer herding on Kola and Yamal peninsulas. In 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016 (pp. 31-38)
Klokov, K. ; Khruschev, S. / Comparative ethno-ecological evaluation of the sustainability of traditional reindeer herding on Kola and Yamal peninsulas. 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016. 2016. pp. 31-38
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Klokov, K & Khruschev, S 2016, Comparative ethno-ecological evaluation of the sustainability of traditional reindeer herding on Kola and Yamal peninsulas. in 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016. pp. 31-38.

Comparative ethno-ecological evaluation of the sustainability of traditional reindeer herding on Kola and Yamal peninsulas. / Klokov, K.; Khruschev, S.

3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016. 2016. p. 31-38.

Research output

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T1 - Comparative ethno-ecological evaluation of the sustainability of traditional reindeer herding on Kola and Yamal peninsulas

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AU - Khruschev, S.

PY - 2016

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N2 - The target of the investigation was the comparative analysis of conditions determining the dynamics and sustainability of reindeer herding in two Arctic regions – Kola and Yamal peninsulas – based on the authors’ field studies (20102014) and official statistic data. In the 1960s the reindeer stock on Kola and Yamal was commeasurable (74,200 and 103,100 in 1961), however, for the next half a century the difference increased. In 2014 in these regions there were, correspondingly, 54,900 and 293,600 of reindeer. We tried to clear out what it is connected with. Although reindeer husbandries on Kola and Yamal peninsulas have much in common (big herds, long summerwinter migrations from North to South, orientation on meat production), they have also a number of important differences. On Yamal nomadic Nenets herders migrate with their families all year round. Herds are controlled and managed continuously. The majority of reindeer are owned by nomadic families. On Kola peninsula herders’ families live in settlements. T

AB - The target of the investigation was the comparative analysis of conditions determining the dynamics and sustainability of reindeer herding in two Arctic regions – Kola and Yamal peninsulas – based on the authors’ field studies (20102014) and official statistic data. In the 1960s the reindeer stock on Kola and Yamal was commeasurable (74,200 and 103,100 in 1961), however, for the next half a century the difference increased. In 2014 in these regions there were, correspondingly, 54,900 and 293,600 of reindeer. We tried to clear out what it is connected with. Although reindeer husbandries on Kola and Yamal peninsulas have much in common (big herds, long summerwinter migrations from North to South, orientation on meat production), they have also a number of important differences. On Yamal nomadic Nenets herders migrate with their families all year round. Herds are controlled and managed continuously. The majority of reindeer are owned by nomadic families. On Kola peninsula herders’ families live in settlements. T

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BT - 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016

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Klokov K, Khruschev S. Comparative ethno-ecological evaluation of the sustainability of traditional reindeer herding on Kola and Yamal peninsulas. In 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2016. 2016. p. 31-38