Coastal fisheries in the Eastern Baltic Sea (Gulf of Finland) and its basin from the 15 to the early 20th centuries

J. Lajus, A. Kraikovski, D. Lajus

Research output

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The paper describes and analyzes original data, extracted from historical documents and scientific surveys, related to Russian fisheries in the southeastern part of the Gulf of Finland and its inflowing rivers during the 15- early 20th centuries. The data allow tracing key trends in fisheries development and in the abundance of major commercial species. In particular, results showed that, over time, the main fishing areas moved from the middle part of rivers downstream towards and onto the coastal sea. Changes in fishing patterns were closely interrelated with changes in the abundance of exploited fish. Anadromous species, such as Atlantic sturgeon, Atlantic salmon, brown trout, whitefish, vimba bream, smelt, lamprey, and catadromous eel were the most important commercial fish in the area because they were abundant, had high commercial value and were easily available for fishing in rivers. Due to intensive exploitation and other human-induced factors, populations of most of these species had declined notably
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e77059
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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