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Abstract

The Ob and the Lena Rivers are considered in the research. They are two biggest rivers of Russian Arctic and have the annual runoff 405 and 530 km 3 /year correspondingly. Analyse of multiyear data of Russian Hydrometeorological Survey (Roshydromet) and own measurements in the mouths areas allow to describe a tendency of water resource and water quality development in these regions according to climate change and human impact. Long-term river runoff and concentration of major and trace elements in water have been compare for regime data of Roshydromet and own field observation results. Increasing of some hydrological and hydrochemical parameters are available with declining of others simultaneously. Slight runoff increase lead to cleaning of water that have been marked for several pollutants for the Ob and Lena Rivers. In spite of “very dirty” water quality at Salekhard – Ob, amount of hazard pollution events (wastewater drainage) has been declined last decade with increase of water overloading by trace elements. Ecosystem well-being has within-year variability and slightly develops to higher ecosystem quality by the effect of climate change. Investigation of two rivers allow to say about the Big Arctic Rivers’ runoff tendency and ecological state enhancement in the Arctic Ocean inner shelf in general.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM2018
Pages203-210
Number of pages8
Volume18 Issue 4.3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018
Event18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference, SGEM 2018 - Vienna
Duration: 3 Dec 20186 Dec 2018

Publication series

NameInternational Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM
PublisherInternational Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference
ISSN (Print)1314-2704

Conference

Conference18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference, SGEM 2018
CountryAustria
CityVienna
Period3/12/186/12/18

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Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Geology

Cite this

Fedorova, I., Shestakova, E., Abakumov, E., Budro, A., & Morgun, E. (2018). Climate and anthropogenic impact for the Ob and the Lena rivers. In 18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM2018 (Vol. 18 Issue 4.3, pp. 203-210). (International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM). https://doi.org/10.5593/sgem2018V/4.3/S06.025