Broadening and intensity redistribution in the Na(3p) hyperfine excitation spectra due to optical pumping in the weak excitation limit

I. Sydoryk, N. N. Bezuglov, I. I. Beterov, K. Miculis, E. Saks, A. Janovs, P. Spels, A. Ekers

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Detailed analysis of spectral line broadening and variations in relative intensities of hyperfine spectral components due to optical pumping is presented. Hyperfine levels of sodium 3p1/2 and 3p3/2 levels are selectively excited in a supersonic beam at various laser intensities under the conditions when optical pumping time is shorter than transit time of atoms through the laser beam. The excitation spectra exhibit significant line broadening at laser intensities well below the saturation intensity, and redistribution of intensities of hyperfine spectral components is observed, which in some cases is contradicting with intuitive expectations. Theoretical analysis of the dynamics of optical pumping shows that spectral line broadening sensitively depends on the branching coefficient of the laser-driven transition. Analytical expressions for branching ratio dependent critical Rabi frequency and critical laser intensity are derived, which give the threshold for onset of noticeable line broadening by optical pumpi
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)042511_1-10
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume77
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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