Brightness oscillations in models of young binary systems with low-mass secondary components

T. V. Demidova, V. P. Grinin, N. Ya. Sotnikova

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We consider a model for the cyclic brightness variations of a young star with a low-mass companion that accretes matter from the remnants of a protostellar cloud. At small inclinations of the binary orbit to the line of sight, the streams of matter and the density waves excited in the circumbinary disk can screen the primary component of the binary from the observer. To study these phenomena, we have computed grids of hydrodynamic models for binary systems by the SPH method based on which we have calculated the phase light curves for the different orientations of the orbit. The model parameters were varied within the following ranges: the component mass ratio q = 0.01-0.1 and the eccentricity e = 0-0.5. We adopted optical grain characteristics typical of circumstellar dust. Our computations have shown that the brightness oscillations with orbital phase can have a complex structure. The amplitudes and shapes of the light curves depend strongly on the inclination of the binary orbit and its orientation relative
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalAstronomy Letters
Volume36
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Keywords

  • young binary systems
  • hydrodynamics
  • cyclic activity
  • accretion

Cite this

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title = "Brightness oscillations in models of young binary systems with low-mass secondary components",
abstract = "We consider a model for the cyclic brightness variations of a young star with a low-mass companion that accretes matter from the remnants of a protostellar cloud. At small inclinations of the binary orbit to the line of sight, the streams of matter and the density waves excited in the circumbinary disk can screen the primary component of the binary from the observer. To study these phenomena, we have computed grids of hydrodynamic models for binary systems by the SPH method based on which we have calculated the phase light curves for the different orientations of the orbit. The model parameters were varied within the following ranges: the component mass ratio q = 0.01-0.1 and the eccentricity e = 0-0.5. We adopted optical grain characteristics typical of circumstellar dust. Our computations have shown that the brightness oscillations with orbital phase can have a complex structure. The amplitudes and shapes of the light curves depend strongly on the inclination of the binary orbit and its orientation relative",
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author = "Demidova, {T. V.} and Grinin, {V. P.} and Sotnikova, {N. Ya.}",
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Brightness oscillations in models of young binary systems with low-mass secondary components. / Demidova, T. V.; Grinin, V. P.; Sotnikova, N. Ya.

In: Astronomy Letters, Vol. 36, No. 7, 2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Brightness oscillations in models of young binary systems with low-mass secondary components

AU - Demidova, T. V.

AU - Grinin, V. P.

AU - Sotnikova, N. Ya.

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - We consider a model for the cyclic brightness variations of a young star with a low-mass companion that accretes matter from the remnants of a protostellar cloud. At small inclinations of the binary orbit to the line of sight, the streams of matter and the density waves excited in the circumbinary disk can screen the primary component of the binary from the observer. To study these phenomena, we have computed grids of hydrodynamic models for binary systems by the SPH method based on which we have calculated the phase light curves for the different orientations of the orbit. The model parameters were varied within the following ranges: the component mass ratio q = 0.01-0.1 and the eccentricity e = 0-0.5. We adopted optical grain characteristics typical of circumstellar dust. Our computations have shown that the brightness oscillations with orbital phase can have a complex structure. The amplitudes and shapes of the light curves depend strongly on the inclination of the binary orbit and its orientation relative

AB - We consider a model for the cyclic brightness variations of a young star with a low-mass companion that accretes matter from the remnants of a protostellar cloud. At small inclinations of the binary orbit to the line of sight, the streams of matter and the density waves excited in the circumbinary disk can screen the primary component of the binary from the observer. To study these phenomena, we have computed grids of hydrodynamic models for binary systems by the SPH method based on which we have calculated the phase light curves for the different orientations of the orbit. The model parameters were varied within the following ranges: the component mass ratio q = 0.01-0.1 and the eccentricity e = 0-0.5. We adopted optical grain characteristics typical of circumstellar dust. Our computations have shown that the brightness oscillations with orbital phase can have a complex structure. The amplitudes and shapes of the light curves depend strongly on the inclination of the binary orbit and its orientation relative

KW - young binary systems

KW - hydrodynamics

KW - cyclic activity

KW - accretion

U2 - 10.1134/S1063773710070054

DO - 10.1134/S1063773710070054

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VL - 36

JO - Astronomy Letters

JF - Astronomy Letters

SN - 1063-7737

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