Biomedical copper speciation in relation to Wilson's disease using strong anion exchange chromatography coupled to triple quadrupole inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

Nikolay Solovyev, Aftab Ala, Michael Schilsky, Craig Mills, Karl Willis, Chris F. Harrington

Research output

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biomedical analytical methods often rely on indirect measurements, such as immunoassays, which can lack effective metrological traceability. In the nephelometric determination of ceruloplasmin (Cp), an important protein whose circulating level is altered in Wilson's disease (WD), the anti-Cp antibody used is not specific for the biologically active holoprotein so the assay can overestimate the concentration of Cp due to the presence of the apoprotein. By providing quantitation using elemental standards, the use of strong anion exchange chromatography (SAX) coupled to triple quadrupole inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS-MS) can overcome the drawbacks of methods for the measurement of metalloproteins reliant on immunoassays. In the current study, a SAX-ICP-MS-MS method for Cp quantification was designed and tested in samples of blood serum of WD patients and healthy controls. Using standards based on a copper-EDTA complex for calibration, the method provides relatively simple quantification of Cp with the limit of detection of 0.1 μg L−1 (limit of quantification 0.4 μg L−1). The method was also used to investigate the copper species separated by using a 30 kDa cut-off ultrafiltration device. The so-called “exchangeable” copper fraction is considered as an alternative clinical biomarker of WD. Using the designed speciation approach, it was shown that the ultrafiltration method can overestimate the “exchangeable” copper fraction due to a removal of copper from Cp. This was confirmed by comparing the enzymatic activity of the fractions. Thus, the specificity of the “exchangeable” copper test can be ensured only under strict maintenance of ultrafiltration conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-36
Number of pages10
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Volume1098
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2020

Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy

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