Belousovite, KZn(SO4)Cl, a new sulfate mineral from the Tolbachik volcano with apophyllite sheet-topology.

Олег Иоханнесович Сийдра, Евгений Васильевич Назарчук, Евгения Алексеевна Лукина, Анатолий Николаевич Зайцев, Владимир Владимирович Шиловских

Research output

Abstract

Belousovite, ideally KZn(SO4)Cl, was found in a Yadovitaya fumarole of the Second scoria cone of the North Breach of the Great Tolbachik Fissure Eruption (1975-1976), Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. Belousovite occurs as irregularly-shaped grains and in the form of microcrystalline masses associated with kamchatkite, langbeinite, euchlorine, anglesite and zincite. Belousovite is monoclinic, P2(1)/c, a = 6.8904(5), b = 9.6115(7), c = 8.2144(6) , beta = 96.582(2), V = 540.43(7) (3) and Z = 4 (from single-crystal diffraction data). The eight strongest lines of the powder X-ray diffraction pattern are [d(meas) (l)(hkl)]: 6.8451(100)(100), (3. 6401)(71)((1) over bar 21), (3.1592)(84)(1 (1) over bar2), (3.1218)(41)((2) over bar 11), (3.1140) (52)(022), (2.9812)(41)(031), (2.9121)(44)(130) and (2.0483)(19)((3) over bar 12). The chemical composition determined by the electron-microprobe analysis is (wt.%): K2O 19.55, Rb2O 0.58, ZnO 34.85, SO3 34.65, Cl 14.77, -O = Cl-2 3.34, total 101.06. The empirical formula based on O + CI = 5 apfu is K0.97Rb0.01Zn1.00S1.01O4.03Cl0.97. The simplified formula is KZn(SO4)Cl. The crystal structure was solved by direct methods and refined to R-1 = 0.029 on the basis of 1965 independent observed reflections. The structure of belousovite consists of infinite [ZnSO4Cl] layers and K(+)ions. [ZnSO4Cl] layers are formed by corner sharing mixed-ligand ZnO3Cl tetrahedra and SO4 tetrahedra. The topology of [ZnSO4Cl] layers in belousovite is identical to [Si4O10](4) layers in the minerals of the apophyllite group. A review of mixed-ligand ZnOmCln coordination polyhedra in minerals and inorganic compounds is given.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1079–1088
Number of pages10
JournalMineralogical Magazine
Volume82
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

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Sulfate minerals
Volcanoes
topology
volcano
Topology
sulfate
Minerals
mineral
ligand
Ligands
Inorganic compounds
Electron probe microanalysis
Diffraction patterns
inorganic compound
fumarole
Cones
Diffraction
Crystal structure
fissure
crystal structure

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@article{73594a1283cc455985c93c7fe021f253,
title = "Belousovite, KZn(SO4)Cl, a new sulfate mineral from the Tolbachik volcano with apophyllite sheet-topology.",
abstract = "Belousovite, ideally KZn(SO4)Cl, was found in a Yadovitaya fumarole of the Second scoria cone of the North Breach of the Great Tolbachik Fissure Eruption (1975-1976), Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. Belousovite occurs as irregularly-shaped grains and in the form of microcrystalline masses associated with kamchatkite, langbeinite, euchlorine, anglesite and zincite. Belousovite is monoclinic, P2(1)/c, a = 6.8904(5), b = 9.6115(7), c = 8.2144(6) , beta = 96.582(2), V = 540.43(7) (3) and Z = 4 (from single-crystal diffraction data). The eight strongest lines of the powder X-ray diffraction pattern are [d(meas) (l)(hkl)]: 6.8451(100)(100), (3. 6401)(71)((1) over bar 21), (3.1592)(84)(1 (1) over bar2), (3.1218)(41)((2) over bar 11), (3.1140) (52)(022), (2.9812)(41)(031), (2.9121)(44)(130) and (2.0483)(19)((3) over bar 12). The chemical composition determined by the electron-microprobe analysis is (wt.{\%}): K2O 19.55, Rb2O 0.58, ZnO 34.85, SO3 34.65, Cl 14.77, -O = Cl-2 3.34, total 101.06. The empirical formula based on O + CI = 5 apfu is K0.97Rb0.01Zn1.00S1.01O4.03Cl0.97. The simplified formula is KZn(SO4)Cl. The crystal structure was solved by direct methods and refined to R-1 = 0.029 on the basis of 1965 independent observed reflections. The structure of belousovite consists of infinite [ZnSO4Cl] layers and K(+)ions. [ZnSO4Cl] layers are formed by corner sharing mixed-ligand ZnO3Cl tetrahedra and SO4 tetrahedra. The topology of [ZnSO4Cl] layers in belousovite is identical to [Si4O10](4) layers in the minerals of the apophyllite group. A review of mixed-ligand ZnOmCln coordination polyhedra in minerals and inorganic compounds is given.",
keywords = "belousovite, new minerals, zinc, sulfates, tetrahedral structures, apophyllite, mixed-ligand coordination, Tolbachik volcano, CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE, POTASSIUM-CHLORIDES, KAMCHATKA, FUMAROLES, RUSSIA, ZINC, OXOCHLORIDE",
author = "Сийдра, {Олег Иоханнесович} and Назарчук, {Евгений Васильевич} and Лукина, {Евгения Алексеевна} and Зайцев, {Анатолий Николаевич} and Шиловских, {Владимир Владимирович}",
year = "2018",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1180/minmag.2017.081.084",
language = "English",
volume = "82",
pages = "1079–1088",
journal = "Mineralogical Magazine",
issn = "0026-461X",
publisher = "Mineralogical Society",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Belousovite, KZn(SO4)Cl, a new sulfate mineral from the Tolbachik volcano with apophyllite sheet-topology.

AU - Сийдра, Олег Иоханнесович

AU - Назарчук, Евгений Васильевич

AU - Лукина, Евгения Алексеевна

AU - Зайцев, Анатолий Николаевич

AU - Шиловских, Владимир Владимирович

PY - 2018/10

Y1 - 2018/10

N2 - Belousovite, ideally KZn(SO4)Cl, was found in a Yadovitaya fumarole of the Second scoria cone of the North Breach of the Great Tolbachik Fissure Eruption (1975-1976), Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. Belousovite occurs as irregularly-shaped grains and in the form of microcrystalline masses associated with kamchatkite, langbeinite, euchlorine, anglesite and zincite. Belousovite is monoclinic, P2(1)/c, a = 6.8904(5), b = 9.6115(7), c = 8.2144(6) , beta = 96.582(2), V = 540.43(7) (3) and Z = 4 (from single-crystal diffraction data). The eight strongest lines of the powder X-ray diffraction pattern are [d(meas) (l)(hkl)]: 6.8451(100)(100), (3. 6401)(71)((1) over bar 21), (3.1592)(84)(1 (1) over bar2), (3.1218)(41)((2) over bar 11), (3.1140) (52)(022), (2.9812)(41)(031), (2.9121)(44)(130) and (2.0483)(19)((3) over bar 12). The chemical composition determined by the electron-microprobe analysis is (wt.%): K2O 19.55, Rb2O 0.58, ZnO 34.85, SO3 34.65, Cl 14.77, -O = Cl-2 3.34, total 101.06. The empirical formula based on O + CI = 5 apfu is K0.97Rb0.01Zn1.00S1.01O4.03Cl0.97. The simplified formula is KZn(SO4)Cl. The crystal structure was solved by direct methods and refined to R-1 = 0.029 on the basis of 1965 independent observed reflections. The structure of belousovite consists of infinite [ZnSO4Cl] layers and K(+)ions. [ZnSO4Cl] layers are formed by corner sharing mixed-ligand ZnO3Cl tetrahedra and SO4 tetrahedra. The topology of [ZnSO4Cl] layers in belousovite is identical to [Si4O10](4) layers in the minerals of the apophyllite group. A review of mixed-ligand ZnOmCln coordination polyhedra in minerals and inorganic compounds is given.

AB - Belousovite, ideally KZn(SO4)Cl, was found in a Yadovitaya fumarole of the Second scoria cone of the North Breach of the Great Tolbachik Fissure Eruption (1975-1976), Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. Belousovite occurs as irregularly-shaped grains and in the form of microcrystalline masses associated with kamchatkite, langbeinite, euchlorine, anglesite and zincite. Belousovite is monoclinic, P2(1)/c, a = 6.8904(5), b = 9.6115(7), c = 8.2144(6) , beta = 96.582(2), V = 540.43(7) (3) and Z = 4 (from single-crystal diffraction data). The eight strongest lines of the powder X-ray diffraction pattern are [d(meas) (l)(hkl)]: 6.8451(100)(100), (3. 6401)(71)((1) over bar 21), (3.1592)(84)(1 (1) over bar2), (3.1218)(41)((2) over bar 11), (3.1140) (52)(022), (2.9812)(41)(031), (2.9121)(44)(130) and (2.0483)(19)((3) over bar 12). The chemical composition determined by the electron-microprobe analysis is (wt.%): K2O 19.55, Rb2O 0.58, ZnO 34.85, SO3 34.65, Cl 14.77, -O = Cl-2 3.34, total 101.06. The empirical formula based on O + CI = 5 apfu is K0.97Rb0.01Zn1.00S1.01O4.03Cl0.97. The simplified formula is KZn(SO4)Cl. The crystal structure was solved by direct methods and refined to R-1 = 0.029 on the basis of 1965 independent observed reflections. The structure of belousovite consists of infinite [ZnSO4Cl] layers and K(+)ions. [ZnSO4Cl] layers are formed by corner sharing mixed-ligand ZnO3Cl tetrahedra and SO4 tetrahedra. The topology of [ZnSO4Cl] layers in belousovite is identical to [Si4O10](4) layers in the minerals of the apophyllite group. A review of mixed-ligand ZnOmCln coordination polyhedra in minerals and inorganic compounds is given.

KW - belousovite

KW - new minerals

KW - zinc

KW - sulfates

KW - tetrahedral structures

KW - apophyllite

KW - mixed-ligand coordination

KW - Tolbachik volcano

KW - CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE

KW - POTASSIUM-CHLORIDES

KW - KAMCHATKA

KW - FUMAROLES

KW - RUSSIA

KW - ZINC

KW - OXOCHLORIDE

U2 - 10.1180/minmag.2017.081.084

DO - 10.1180/minmag.2017.081.084

M3 - Article

VL - 82

SP - 1079

EP - 1088

JO - Mineralogical Magazine

JF - Mineralogical Magazine

SN - 0026-461X

IS - 5

ER -