Assessment of the transformation of natural complexes in the of oil and gas production areas of north (North of western Siberia)

Research outputpeer-review

Abstract

The main and typical changes in the natural complexes of tundra and forest-tundra in the areas of development of oil and gas fields were considered. Assessment of the stages of transformation of plant communities and soil cover due to anthropogenic load has been characterized. With the development of gas and oil fields in the north, pollution leads to a significant transformation and degradation of natural complexes. However, these violations are insignificant in area and localized. Various mechanical disturbances in the development of deposits is the main reason for the transformation of natural complexes of tundra and forest-tundra. The main negative effects that are associated with the movement of heavy vehicles and excavation work are expressed in the processes of thawing of soils and changes in surface runoff. This can lead to complete degradation or replacement of existing natural complexes. The construction of production sites and bulk sandy roads in the development of deposits contributes to the formation of fragmented plant communities, the processes of prairiefication and desertification of phytocenoses. Processes to increase the degree of watering the territory, thermokarst phenomena, acceleration of erosion processes and complete transformation or degradation of biogeocenoses can be considered indicators of changes in natural complexes of tundra and forest-tundra in oil and gas production areas.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017
PublisherSTEF92 Technology Ltd.
Pages61-68
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)978-619-7408-26-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Event17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference, SGEM 2017 - Vienna
Duration: 27 Nov 201729 Nov 2017

Publication series

NameInternational Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM
PublisherInternational Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference
Number15
Volume17
ISSN (Print)1314-2704

Conference

Conference17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference, SGEM 2017
CountryAustria
CityVienna
Period27/11/1729/11/17

Fingerprint

tundra
gas production
oil production
Degradation
Deposits
Gases
Soils
Thawing
Oil fields
Runoff
gas field
Excavation
oil field
degradation
plant community
Erosion
Pollution
thermokarst
soil cover
thawing

Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Geology

Cite this

Kukushkin, S., Opekunova, M., Opekunov, A., Arestova, I., & Nikitina, M. (2017). Assessment of the transformation of natural complexes in the of oil and gas production areas of north (North of western Siberia). In 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017 (pp. 61-68). (International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM; Vol. 17, No. 15). STEF92 Technology Ltd.. https://doi.org/10.5593/sgem2017H/15/S06.008
Kukushkin, Stepan ; Opekunova, Marina ; Opekunov, Anatoly ; Arestova, Irina ; Nikitina, Maria. / Assessment of the transformation of natural complexes in the of oil and gas production areas of north (North of western Siberia). 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017. STEF92 Technology Ltd., 2017. pp. 61-68 (International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM; 15).
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Kukushkin, S, Opekunova, M, Opekunov, A, Arestova, I & Nikitina, M 2017, Assessment of the transformation of natural complexes in the of oil and gas production areas of north (North of western Siberia). in 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017. International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM, no. 15, vol. 17, STEF92 Technology Ltd., pp. 61-68, Vienna, 27/11/17. https://doi.org/10.5593/sgem2017H/15/S06.008

Assessment of the transformation of natural complexes in the of oil and gas production areas of north (North of western Siberia). / Kukushkin, Stepan; Opekunova, Marina; Opekunov, Anatoly; Arestova, Irina; Nikitina, Maria.

17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017. STEF92 Technology Ltd., 2017. p. 61-68 (International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM; Vol. 17, No. 15).

Research outputpeer-review

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Kukushkin S, Opekunova M, Opekunov A, Arestova I, Nikitina M. Assessment of the transformation of natural complexes in the of oil and gas production areas of north (North of western Siberia). In 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017. STEF92 Technology Ltd. 2017. p. 61-68. (International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM; 15). https://doi.org/10.5593/sgem2017H/15/S06.008