Assessment of Climatic Conditions for Siberian Reindeer Herding on the Basis of Heat Balance Modelling.

Константин Борисович Клоков, Владимир Михайлов

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of the research is to assess the climatic conditions for tradi-tional reindeer herding of indigenous people in different areas of Siberia. Com-puter simulation model giving an opportunity to calculate the reindeer’s heat balance according to a number of meteorological indices has been used to as-sess climatic conditions in 70 localities.
To show the impact of climatic conditions on the reindeer’s well-being, we introduce a notion of thermal comfort index (Kt). The best environmental conditions for reindeer are in the areas where Kt takes the highest values in winter and the lowest values in summer. We imposed the results of the reindeer heat balance computer simulation on two maps visualising the average Kt val-ues in summer and in winter. Finally, in order to interpret the results we calcu-lated the number of reindeer per 100 km2 in areas with different types of tradi-tional reindeer herding using official statistics.
The territories with the largest domesticated reindeer populations per 100 km2 in the two major tundra reindeer breeding areas (Samoed and Chuk-chi-Koryak types of reindeer herding) are located in the regions with relatively low value of Kt in summer and high in winter. In taiga Kt is relatively high in summer and reindeer herding (Tungus and Sayan types) is developed mostly in highlands where the summer Kt is lower than in flatlands due to the vertical temperature gradient. The obtained results prove that thermal conditions are of great importance for traditional reindeer herding.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-42
Number of pages15
JournalArctic
Volume72
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019

Keywords

  • reindeer herding, reindeer population, climate, heat balance, simulation model, indigenous people, Russian North, Siberia

Cite this

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title = "Assessment of Climatic Conditions for Siberian Reindeer Herding on the Basis of Heat Balance Modelling.",
abstract = "The purpose of the research is to assess the climatic conditions for tradi-tional reindeer herding of indigenous people in different areas of Siberia. Com-puter simulation model giving an opportunity to calculate the reindeer’s heat balance according to a number of meteorological indices has been used to as-sess climatic conditions in 70 localities. To show the impact of climatic conditions on the reindeer’s well-being, we introduce a notion of thermal comfort index (Kt). The best environmental conditions for reindeer are in the areas where Kt takes the highest values in winter and the lowest values in summer. We imposed the results of the reindeer heat balance computer simulation on two maps visualising the average Kt val-ues in summer and in winter. Finally, in order to interpret the results we calcu-lated the number of reindeer per 100 km2 in areas with different types of tradi-tional reindeer herding using official statistics.The territories with the largest domesticated reindeer populations per 100 km2 in the two major tundra reindeer breeding areas (Samoed and Chuk-chi-Koryak types of reindeer herding) are located in the regions with relatively low value of Kt in summer and high in winter. In taiga Kt is relatively high in summer and reindeer herding (Tungus and Sayan types) is developed mostly in highlands where the summer Kt is lower than in flatlands due to the vertical temperature gradient. The obtained results prove that thermal conditions are of great importance for traditional reindeer herding.",
keywords = "reindeer herding, reindeer population, climate, heat balance, simulation model, indigenous people, Russian North, Siberia",
author = "Клоков, {Константин Борисович} and Владимир Михайлов",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.14430/arctic6791",
language = "English",
volume = "72",
pages = "28--42",
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Assessment of Climatic Conditions for Siberian Reindeer Herding on the Basis of Heat Balance Modelling. / Клоков, Константин Борисович; Михайлов, Владимир.

In: Arctic, Vol. 72, No. 1, 03.2019, p. 28-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessment of Climatic Conditions for Siberian Reindeer Herding on the Basis of Heat Balance Modelling.

AU - Клоков, Константин Борисович

AU - Михайлов, Владимир

PY - 2019/3

Y1 - 2019/3

N2 - The purpose of the research is to assess the climatic conditions for tradi-tional reindeer herding of indigenous people in different areas of Siberia. Com-puter simulation model giving an opportunity to calculate the reindeer’s heat balance according to a number of meteorological indices has been used to as-sess climatic conditions in 70 localities. To show the impact of climatic conditions on the reindeer’s well-being, we introduce a notion of thermal comfort index (Kt). The best environmental conditions for reindeer are in the areas where Kt takes the highest values in winter and the lowest values in summer. We imposed the results of the reindeer heat balance computer simulation on two maps visualising the average Kt val-ues in summer and in winter. Finally, in order to interpret the results we calcu-lated the number of reindeer per 100 km2 in areas with different types of tradi-tional reindeer herding using official statistics.The territories with the largest domesticated reindeer populations per 100 km2 in the two major tundra reindeer breeding areas (Samoed and Chuk-chi-Koryak types of reindeer herding) are located in the regions with relatively low value of Kt in summer and high in winter. In taiga Kt is relatively high in summer and reindeer herding (Tungus and Sayan types) is developed mostly in highlands where the summer Kt is lower than in flatlands due to the vertical temperature gradient. The obtained results prove that thermal conditions are of great importance for traditional reindeer herding.

AB - The purpose of the research is to assess the climatic conditions for tradi-tional reindeer herding of indigenous people in different areas of Siberia. Com-puter simulation model giving an opportunity to calculate the reindeer’s heat balance according to a number of meteorological indices has been used to as-sess climatic conditions in 70 localities. To show the impact of climatic conditions on the reindeer’s well-being, we introduce a notion of thermal comfort index (Kt). The best environmental conditions for reindeer are in the areas where Kt takes the highest values in winter and the lowest values in summer. We imposed the results of the reindeer heat balance computer simulation on two maps visualising the average Kt val-ues in summer and in winter. Finally, in order to interpret the results we calcu-lated the number of reindeer per 100 km2 in areas with different types of tradi-tional reindeer herding using official statistics.The territories with the largest domesticated reindeer populations per 100 km2 in the two major tundra reindeer breeding areas (Samoed and Chuk-chi-Koryak types of reindeer herding) are located in the regions with relatively low value of Kt in summer and high in winter. In taiga Kt is relatively high in summer and reindeer herding (Tungus and Sayan types) is developed mostly in highlands where the summer Kt is lower than in flatlands due to the vertical temperature gradient. The obtained results prove that thermal conditions are of great importance for traditional reindeer herding.

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EP - 42

JO - Arctic

JF - Arctic

SN - 0004-0843

IS - 1

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