Anti-influenza effect of nanosilver in a mouse model

Irina V. Kiseleva, Mohammad Al Farroukh, Ekaterina A. Skomorokhova, Andrei R. Rekstin, Ekaterina A. Bazhenova, Daria N. Magazenkova, Iurii A. Orlov, Larisa G. Rudenko, Massimo Broggini, Ludmila V. Puchkova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study assesses copper metabolism of the host organism as a target of antiviral strategy, basing on the “virocell” concept. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were used as a specific active agent because they reduce the level of holo-ceruloplasmin, the main extracellular cuproenzyme. The mouse model of influenza virus A infection was used with two doses: 1 LD50 and 10 LD50 . Three treatment regimens were used: Scheme 1—mice were pretreated 4 days before infection and then every day during infection development; Scheme 2—mice were pretreated four days before infection and on the day of virus infection; Scheme 3—virus infection and AgNP treatment started simultaneously, and mice were injected with AgNPs until the end of the experiment. The mice treated by Scheme 1 demonstrated significantly lower mortality, the protection index reached 60–70% at the end of the experiment, and mean lifespan was prolonged. In addition, the treatment of the animals with AgNPs resulted in normalization of the weight dynamics. Despite the amelioration of the infection, AgNP treatment did not influence influenza virus replication. The possibility of using nanosilver as an effective indirectly-acting antiviral drug is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number679
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalVaccines
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Keywords

  • Ceruloplasmin
  • Copper status
  • Indirectly-acting antiviral drug
  • Influenza
  • Influenza virus replication
  • Prophylaxis and treatment
  • Silver nanoparticles

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