Anthropogenic disturbances of the landscape structure of the Kola Peninsula northwest caused by mining and metallurgical industry

Дарья Сергеевна Мюльгаузен, Кирилл Валентинович Чистяков, Любовь Александровна Панкратова

Research output

Abstract

On the basis of field landscape research results, the spatial features of the anthropogenic impact of Pechenganikel mining and metallurgical plant located in the northwest of the Kola Peninsula have been analysed. The landscape mapping of the Plant's vicinity (scale 1 : 50 000) has been done, the typology of natural complexes representing the features of their structure and anthropogenic transformation has been developed. The tunturi type (upland massifs with altitudinal belts) and varaka type (rocky ridges) of landscapes are dominated in landscape structure. The main type of vegetation is mixed pine and birch subshrub forests on podzols. Higher than 220 m they turn into birch crooked subshrub wood on podzols and podzolized brown soils. On the tops higher than 320 m tundra subshrub and lichen communities on moderately developed soils prevail. However, vegetation vertical zonality has been blurred due to the anthropogenic influence. More than a half (58 %) of plant and vegetation cover should be declared damaged: Forests have been replaced by woodland, a significant amount of natural woodland have turned into hessians, burnt and barren lands on anthropogenically transformed soils (the result of Podzols degradation) are dominated in the area. Anthropogenic landscape types (pits, refuse piles, mining sites) occupy a relatively insignificant part (5 %) of the area in the Plant's vicinity. All in all, anthropogenic impact (Plant's emissions, pits' dust distribution) leads to vegetation and soil cover modification and formation of anthropogenic landscape types.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-64
Number of pages21
JournalВестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Науки о Земле
Volume64
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

landscape structure
mining industry
Podzol
disturbance
vegetation cover
woodland
brown soil
vegetation
soil cover
refuse
tundra
typology
lichen
pile
soil
metallurgical industry
dust
degradation

Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

@article{e08ca5bb46e542489f8c72d7b17f7c66,
title = "Anthropogenic disturbances of the landscape structure of the Kola Peninsula northwest caused by mining and metallurgical industry",
abstract = "On the basis of field landscape research results, the spatial features of the anthropogenic impact of Pechenganikel mining and metallurgical plant located in the northwest of the Kola Peninsula have been analysed. The landscape mapping of the Plant's vicinity (scale 1 : 50 000) has been done, the typology of natural complexes representing the features of their structure and anthropogenic transformation has been developed. The tunturi type (upland massifs with altitudinal belts) and varaka type (rocky ridges) of landscapes are dominated in landscape structure. The main type of vegetation is mixed pine and birch subshrub forests on podzols. Higher than 220 m they turn into birch crooked subshrub wood on podzols and podzolized brown soils. On the tops higher than 320 m tundra subshrub and lichen communities on moderately developed soils prevail. However, vegetation vertical zonality has been blurred due to the anthropogenic influence. More than a half (58 {\%}) of plant and vegetation cover should be declared damaged: Forests have been replaced by woodland, a significant amount of natural woodland have turned into hessians, burnt and barren lands on anthropogenically transformed soils (the result of Podzols degradation) are dominated in the area. Anthropogenic landscape types (pits, refuse piles, mining sites) occupy a relatively insignificant part (5 {\%}) of the area in the Plant's vicinity. All in all, anthropogenic impact (Plant's emissions, pits' dust distribution) leads to vegetation and soil cover modification and formation of anthropogenic landscape types.",
keywords = "Altitudinal belts, Anthropogenic impact, Kola Peninsula, Landscape structure, Urban-type settlement Nikel., Vegetation cover",
author = "Мюльгаузен, {Дарья Сергеевна} and Чистяков, {Кирилл Валентинович} and Панкратова, {Любовь Александровна}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.21638/spbu07.2019.103",
language = "English",
volume = "64",
pages = "44--64",
journal = "Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Науки о Земле",
issn = "2541-9668",
publisher = "Издательство Санкт-Петербургского университета",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Anthropogenic disturbances of the landscape structure of the Kola Peninsula northwest caused by mining and metallurgical industry

AU - Мюльгаузен, Дарья Сергеевна

AU - Чистяков, Кирилл Валентинович

AU - Панкратова, Любовь Александровна

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - On the basis of field landscape research results, the spatial features of the anthropogenic impact of Pechenganikel mining and metallurgical plant located in the northwest of the Kola Peninsula have been analysed. The landscape mapping of the Plant's vicinity (scale 1 : 50 000) has been done, the typology of natural complexes representing the features of their structure and anthropogenic transformation has been developed. The tunturi type (upland massifs with altitudinal belts) and varaka type (rocky ridges) of landscapes are dominated in landscape structure. The main type of vegetation is mixed pine and birch subshrub forests on podzols. Higher than 220 m they turn into birch crooked subshrub wood on podzols and podzolized brown soils. On the tops higher than 320 m tundra subshrub and lichen communities on moderately developed soils prevail. However, vegetation vertical zonality has been blurred due to the anthropogenic influence. More than a half (58 %) of plant and vegetation cover should be declared damaged: Forests have been replaced by woodland, a significant amount of natural woodland have turned into hessians, burnt and barren lands on anthropogenically transformed soils (the result of Podzols degradation) are dominated in the area. Anthropogenic landscape types (pits, refuse piles, mining sites) occupy a relatively insignificant part (5 %) of the area in the Plant's vicinity. All in all, anthropogenic impact (Plant's emissions, pits' dust distribution) leads to vegetation and soil cover modification and formation of anthropogenic landscape types.

AB - On the basis of field landscape research results, the spatial features of the anthropogenic impact of Pechenganikel mining and metallurgical plant located in the northwest of the Kola Peninsula have been analysed. The landscape mapping of the Plant's vicinity (scale 1 : 50 000) has been done, the typology of natural complexes representing the features of their structure and anthropogenic transformation has been developed. The tunturi type (upland massifs with altitudinal belts) and varaka type (rocky ridges) of landscapes are dominated in landscape structure. The main type of vegetation is mixed pine and birch subshrub forests on podzols. Higher than 220 m they turn into birch crooked subshrub wood on podzols and podzolized brown soils. On the tops higher than 320 m tundra subshrub and lichen communities on moderately developed soils prevail. However, vegetation vertical zonality has been blurred due to the anthropogenic influence. More than a half (58 %) of plant and vegetation cover should be declared damaged: Forests have been replaced by woodland, a significant amount of natural woodland have turned into hessians, burnt and barren lands on anthropogenically transformed soils (the result of Podzols degradation) are dominated in the area. Anthropogenic landscape types (pits, refuse piles, mining sites) occupy a relatively insignificant part (5 %) of the area in the Plant's vicinity. All in all, anthropogenic impact (Plant's emissions, pits' dust distribution) leads to vegetation and soil cover modification and formation of anthropogenic landscape types.

KW - Altitudinal belts

KW - Anthropogenic impact

KW - Kola Peninsula

KW - Landscape structure

KW - Urban-type settlement Nikel.

KW - Vegetation cover

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85066102091&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.21638/spbu07.2019.103

DO - 10.21638/spbu07.2019.103

M3 - Article

VL - 64

SP - 44

EP - 64

JO - Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Науки о Земле

JF - Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Науки о Земле

SN - 2541-9668

IS - 1

ER -