Analysis of the apparent nuclear modification in peripheral Pb–Pb collisions at 5.02 TeV

ALICE Collaboration

Research output

Abstract

Charged-particle spectra at midrapidity are measured in Pb–Pb collisions at the centre-of-mass energy per nucleon–nucleon pair s NN =5.02 TeV and presented in centrality classes ranging from most central (0–5%) to most peripheral (95–100%) collisions. Possible medium effects are quantified using the nuclear modification factor (R AA ) by comparing the measured spectra with those from proton–proton collisions, scaled by the number of independent nucleon–nucleon collisions obtained from a Glauber model. At large transverse momenta (8<p T <20GeV/c), the average R AA is found to increase from about 0.15 in 0–5% central to a maximum value of about 0.8 in 75–85% peripheral collisions, beyond which it falls off strongly to below 0.2 for the most peripheral collisions. Furthermore, R AA initially exhibits a positive slope as a function of p T in the 8–20 GeV/c interval, while for collisions beyond the 80% class the slope is negative. To reduce uncertainties related to event selection and normalization, we also provide the ratio of R AA in adjacent centrality intervals. Our results in peripheral collisions are consistent with a PYTHIA-based model without nuclear modification, demonstrating that biases caused by the event selection and collision geometry can lead to the apparent suppression in peripheral collisions. This explains the unintuitive observation that R AA is below unity in peripheral Pb–Pb, but equal to unity in minimum-bias p–Pb collisions despite similar charged-particle multiplicities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)420-432
Number of pages13
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume793
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2019

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collisions
unity
charged particles
slopes
intervals
nuclear models
transverse momentum
center of mass
retarding
geometry

Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

@article{6816e379bfaf49d1bcd154dc902604d0,
title = "Analysis of the apparent nuclear modification in peripheral Pb–Pb collisions at 5.02 TeV",
abstract = "Charged-particle spectra at midrapidity are measured in Pb–Pb collisions at the centre-of-mass energy per nucleon–nucleon pair s NN =5.02 TeV and presented in centrality classes ranging from most central (0–5{\%}) to most peripheral (95–100{\%}) collisions. Possible medium effects are quantified using the nuclear modification factor (R AA ) by comparing the measured spectra with those from proton–proton collisions, scaled by the number of independent nucleon–nucleon collisions obtained from a Glauber model. At large transverse momenta (8<p T <20GeV/c), the average R AA is found to increase from about 0.15 in 0–5{\%} central to a maximum value of about 0.8 in 75–85{\%} peripheral collisions, beyond which it falls off strongly to below 0.2 for the most peripheral collisions. Furthermore, R AA initially exhibits a positive slope as a function of p T in the 8–20 GeV/c interval, while for collisions beyond the 80{\%} class the slope is negative. To reduce uncertainties related to event selection and normalization, we also provide the ratio of R AA in adjacent centrality intervals. Our results in peripheral collisions are consistent with a PYTHIA-based model without nuclear modification, demonstrating that biases caused by the event selection and collision geometry can lead to the apparent suppression in peripheral collisions. This explains the unintuitive observation that R AA is below unity in peripheral Pb–Pb, but equal to unity in minimum-bias p–Pb collisions despite similar charged-particle multiplicities.",
author = "{ALICE Collaboration} and S. Acharya and Acosta, {F. T.} and D. Adamov{\'a} and J. Adolfsson and Aggarwal, {M. M.} and {Aglieri Rinella}, G. and M. Agnello and N. Agrawal and Z. Ahammed and Ahn, {S. U.} and S. Aiola and A. Akindinov and M. Al-Turany and Alam, {S. N.} and Albuquerque, {D. S.D.} and D. Aleksandrov and B. Alessandro and {Alfaro Molina}, R. and Y. Ali and A. Alici and A. Alkin and J. Alme and T. Alt and L. Altenkamper and I. Altsybeev and Anaam, {M. N.} and C. Andrei and D. Andreou and Andrews, {H. A.} and A. Andronic and M. Angeletti and V. Anguelov and C. Anson and T. Antičić and F. Antinori and P. Antonioli and R. Anwar and N. Apadula and L. Aphecetche and H. Appelsh{\"a}user and S. Arcelli and R. Arnaldi and Arnold, {O. W.} and Arsene, {I. C.} and M. Arslandok and G. Feofilov and V. Kovalenko and V. Vechernin and A. Zarochentsev and V. Zherebchevskii",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "10",
doi = "10.1016/j.physletb.2019.04.047",
language = "English",
volume = "793",
pages = "420--432",
journal = "Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics",
issn = "0370-2693",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis of the apparent nuclear modification in peripheral Pb–Pb collisions at 5.02 TeV

AU - ALICE Collaboration

AU - Acharya, S.

AU - Acosta, F. T.

AU - Adamová, D.

AU - Adolfsson, J.

AU - Aggarwal, M. M.

AU - Aglieri Rinella, G.

AU - Agnello, M.

AU - Agrawal, N.

AU - Ahammed, Z.

AU - Ahn, S. U.

AU - Aiola, S.

AU - Akindinov, A.

AU - Al-Turany, M.

AU - Alam, S. N.

AU - Albuquerque, D. S.D.

AU - Aleksandrov, D.

AU - Alessandro, B.

AU - Alfaro Molina, R.

AU - Ali, Y.

AU - Alici, A.

AU - Alkin, A.

AU - Alme, J.

AU - Alt, T.

AU - Altenkamper, L.

AU - Altsybeev, I.

AU - Anaam, M. N.

AU - Andrei, C.

AU - Andreou, D.

AU - Andrews, H. A.

AU - Andronic, A.

AU - Angeletti, M.

AU - Anguelov, V.

AU - Anson, C.

AU - Antičić, T.

AU - Antinori, F.

AU - Antonioli, P.

AU - Anwar, R.

AU - Apadula, N.

AU - Aphecetche, L.

AU - Appelshäuser, H.

AU - Arcelli, S.

AU - Arnaldi, R.

AU - Arnold, O. W.

AU - Arsene, I. C.

AU - Arslandok, M.

AU - Feofilov, G.

AU - Kovalenko, V.

AU - Vechernin, V.

AU - Zarochentsev, A.

AU - Zherebchevskii, V.

PY - 2019/6/10

Y1 - 2019/6/10

N2 - Charged-particle spectra at midrapidity are measured in Pb–Pb collisions at the centre-of-mass energy per nucleon–nucleon pair s NN =5.02 TeV and presented in centrality classes ranging from most central (0–5%) to most peripheral (95–100%) collisions. Possible medium effects are quantified using the nuclear modification factor (R AA ) by comparing the measured spectra with those from proton–proton collisions, scaled by the number of independent nucleon–nucleon collisions obtained from a Glauber model. At large transverse momenta (8<p T <20GeV/c), the average R AA is found to increase from about 0.15 in 0–5% central to a maximum value of about 0.8 in 75–85% peripheral collisions, beyond which it falls off strongly to below 0.2 for the most peripheral collisions. Furthermore, R AA initially exhibits a positive slope as a function of p T in the 8–20 GeV/c interval, while for collisions beyond the 80% class the slope is negative. To reduce uncertainties related to event selection and normalization, we also provide the ratio of R AA in adjacent centrality intervals. Our results in peripheral collisions are consistent with a PYTHIA-based model without nuclear modification, demonstrating that biases caused by the event selection and collision geometry can lead to the apparent suppression in peripheral collisions. This explains the unintuitive observation that R AA is below unity in peripheral Pb–Pb, but equal to unity in minimum-bias p–Pb collisions despite similar charged-particle multiplicities.

AB - Charged-particle spectra at midrapidity are measured in Pb–Pb collisions at the centre-of-mass energy per nucleon–nucleon pair s NN =5.02 TeV and presented in centrality classes ranging from most central (0–5%) to most peripheral (95–100%) collisions. Possible medium effects are quantified using the nuclear modification factor (R AA ) by comparing the measured spectra with those from proton–proton collisions, scaled by the number of independent nucleon–nucleon collisions obtained from a Glauber model. At large transverse momenta (8<p T <20GeV/c), the average R AA is found to increase from about 0.15 in 0–5% central to a maximum value of about 0.8 in 75–85% peripheral collisions, beyond which it falls off strongly to below 0.2 for the most peripheral collisions. Furthermore, R AA initially exhibits a positive slope as a function of p T in the 8–20 GeV/c interval, while for collisions beyond the 80% class the slope is negative. To reduce uncertainties related to event selection and normalization, we also provide the ratio of R AA in adjacent centrality intervals. Our results in peripheral collisions are consistent with a PYTHIA-based model without nuclear modification, demonstrating that biases caused by the event selection and collision geometry can lead to the apparent suppression in peripheral collisions. This explains the unintuitive observation that R AA is below unity in peripheral Pb–Pb, but equal to unity in minimum-bias p–Pb collisions despite similar charged-particle multiplicities.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85065671184&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/analysis-apparent-nuclear-modification-peripheral-pbpb-collisions-502-tev

U2 - 10.1016/j.physletb.2019.04.047

DO - 10.1016/j.physletb.2019.04.047

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85065671184

VL - 793

SP - 420

EP - 432

JO - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

JF - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

SN - 0370-2693

ER -