Amyloids are non-branching fibrils that are composed of stacked monomers stabilized by intermolecular β-sheets. Some amyloids are associated with incurable diseases, whereas others, functional amyloids, regulate different vital processes. The prevalence and significance of functional amyloids in wildlife are still poorly understood. In recent years, by applying new approach of large-scale proteome screening, a number of novel candidate amyloids were identified in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, many of which are localized in the yeast cell wall. In this work, we showed that one of these proteins, Toh1, possess amyloid properties. The Toh1-YFP hybrid protein forms detergent-resistant aggregates in the yeast cells while being expressed under its own P TOH1 or inducible P CUP1 promoter. Using bacterial system for generation of extracellular amyloid aggregates C-DAG, we demonstrated that the N-terminal Toh1 fragment, containing amyloidogenic regions predicted in silico, binds Congo Red dye, manifests ‘apple-green’ birefringence when examined between crossed polarizers, and forms amyloid-like fibrillar aggregates visualized by TEM. We have established that the Toh1(20–365)-YFP hybrid protein fluorescent aggregates are co-localized with a high frequency with Rnq1C-CFP and Sup35NM-CFP aggregates in the yeast cells containing [PIN + ] and [PSI + ] prions, and physical interaction of these aggregated proteins was confirmed by FRET. This is one of a few known cases of physical interaction of non-Q/N-rich amyloid-like protein and Q/N-rich amyloids, suggesting that interaction of different amyloid proteins may be determined not only by similarity of their primary structures but also by similarity of their secondary structures and of conformational folds.
Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Cell Biology
- Infectious Diseases