“All these …”: Negative Opinion About People and “Pejorative Plural” in Russian

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The paper discusses plural forms of Russian nouns (in particular, of the surnames) like vsjakie tam Ivanovy (‘various Ivanovs’, ‘all sorts of Ivanovs’), expressing negative opinion about the referents. The co-occurrence patterns of the Pl.Pej forms by Web-corpus data is revealed. Pl.Pej forms foremost fit together with universal quantifiers including ‘all’, ‘all of these’ etc., and can be easily integrate in quantificational expressions, e.g., combinations with numerals, collective nouns, and expressions that include number words like mnogo (‘many’). These elements are able to convey and support the meaning of multiplicity, non-uniqueness of the objects, denoted by forms of Pl.Pej.

Among the usages of Pl.Pej the names of “oligarchs” and “right-wing, liberal politicians” predominate. The form mainly appears in heavily politicized texts. The studied form and co-occurrence patterns are a legacy of the Soviet socio-political discourse and originate from the language of Soviet newspapers.

The Pl.Pej form is still a part of an aggressive leftist discourse, directed against a “group of the rich”. The addressant of such discourse is a representative of a “group of the poor, oppressed, socially humiliated”.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication5th International Conference on Internet Science, INSCI 2018
EditorsS.S. Bodrunova , A. Smoliarova, P. Kolozaridi
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer Nature
ISBN (Print)9783030177041
StatePublished - 2019
Event5th International Conference on Internet Science, INSCI 2018: Internet in World Regions: Digital Freedoms and Citizen Empowerment - СПбГУ, Институт "Высшая школа журналистики и массовых коммуникаций", St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
Duration: 24 Oct 201826 Oct 2018
Conference number: 5th

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
ISSN (Print)0302-9743


Conference5th International Conference on Internet Science, INSCI 2018
Abbreviated title INSCI 2018
Country/TerritoryRussian Federation
CitySt. Petersburg
Internet address

Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)


  • Co-occurrence
  • Hate speech
  • Humbling names
  • Internet
  • Pejorative plural
  • Proper noun
  • Russian
  • Secondary meanings of plural
  • Web-corpus


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