Acoustic Characteristics of Speech Entrainment in Dialogues in Similar Phonetic Sequences

Svetlana Zimina, Vera Evdokimova

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The paper presents the study of the speech entrainment in dialogues of two interlocutors playing games. The calculations of the degree of speech entrainment are based on the acoustic characteristics of similar phonetic sequences. Formant values of stressed vowels in these words are considered. The recordings from the new SibLing corpus developed at the Department of Phonetics of St. Petersburg State University, were used as the material for the study. The results of the study confirmed the presence of speech entrainment in the values of the formants of stressed vowels. Based on the calculation of the Euclidean distance and the analysis of the vowel formant patterns, the following conclusions can be drawn: 1) In most cases, there is a mutual shift in the formant characteristics of vowels in the process of dialogue. 2) According to preliminary data, the degree of familiarity of the interlocutors quite strongly affects the speed of speech entrainment. The one case of divergence was observed. The degree of entrainment can be affected by the difference in age and social status. 3) The degree of adjustment of the acoustic characteristics depends on the quality of the vowel. To a greater extent, speakers adapt to each other by the rounded vowels of the back row (/o/, /u/), and also actively change the location of the vowels /a/ and /i/, adapting to each other. Moreover, the speakers often shift the focus of pronunciation of all cardinal vowels at once.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpeech and Computer
Subtitle of host publication23rd International Conference, SPECOM 2021, St. Petersburg, Russia, September 27–30, 2021, Proceedings
EditorsAlexey Karpov, Rodmonga Potapova
PublisherSpringer Nature
Pages818-825
ISBN (Print)9783030878016
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Event23rd International Conference on Speech and Computer, SPECOM 2021 - Virtual, Online, Russian Federation
Duration: 27 Sep 202130 Sep 2021
Conference number: 23
http://specom.nw.ru/2021/

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume12997 LNAI
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference23rd International Conference on Speech and Computer, SPECOM 2021
Abbreviated titleSPECOM 2021
Country/TerritoryRussian Federation
CityVirtual, Online
Period27/09/2130/09/21
Internet address

Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

Keywords

  • Acoustics
  • Formants
  • Phonetics
  • Speech adaptation

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