Accounting for interelement interferences in atomic emission spectroscopy: A nonlinear theory

Anna N. Popova, Vladimir S. Sukhomlinov, Aleksandr S. Mustafaev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The article describes a nonlinear theory of how the presence of third elements affects the results of analyzing the elemental composition of substances by means of atomic emission spectros-copy. The theory is based on the assumption that there is an arbitrary relationship between the intensity of the analytical line of the analyte and the concentration of impurities and alloying elements. The theory has been tested on a simulation problem using commercially available equipment (the SPAS-05 spark spectrometer). By comparing the proposed algorithm with the traditional one, which assumes that there is a linear relationship between the intensity of the analytical line of the analyte and the intensities of the spectral lines (or concentrations) in the substance, it was revealed that there is a severalfold decrease in the deviations of nominal impurity concentrations from the measured ones. The results of this study allow for reducing the number of analytical procedures used in analyzing materials that have different compositions and the same matrix element. For instance, it be-comes possible to determine the composition of iron-based alloys (low-alloy and carbon steels; high-speed steels; high-alloy, and heat-resistant steels) using one calibration curve within the framework of a universal analytical method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11237
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume11
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2021

Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Keywords

  • Calibration
  • Charge-coupled image sensors
  • Impurities
  • Metrology
  • Plasma devices
  • Spectral analysis
  • Spectroscopy

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