A Way of Increasing Maximum Permissible Short-Circuit Surge Currents in Electrical Contacts

A.M. Chalyi, В.А. Дмитриев, M.A. Pavleino, O.M. Pavleino, M.S. Safonov

Research output

Abstract

Current passing through electrical contacts causes additional heat release due to the presence of a contact resistance. Heat release in contacts may be considerable. In high-current contacts of high-voltage electrical equipment, the problem of overheating gets worse when fault short-circuit currents pass through the contacts. The maximum permissible level of these currents is limited by heating contact areas to their melting point. Welds due to melting of contacts lead to their failure as a rule. A way of considerably raising maximum permissible short-circuit currents has been suggested. Its idea is impulsive preheating of contacts to a temperature higher than the recrystallization temperature of the contact material. The efficiency of this approach has been confirmed experimentally. Numerical simulation of impulsive heating has been conducted. The results have helped us elaborate recommendations for selecting parameters of a train of current pulses that, acting on a contact, may greatly improve its stability against short-circuit currents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)569-574
JournalTechnical Physics
Volume64
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019

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short circuits
short circuit currents
electric contacts
heating
heat
contact resistance
recommendations
melting points
high current
high voltages
melting
causes
pulses
simulation
temperature

Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Chalyi, A.M. ; Дмитриев, В.А. ; Pavleino, M.A. ; Pavleino, O.M. ; Safonov, M.S. / A Way of Increasing Maximum Permissible Short-Circuit Surge Currents in Electrical Contacts. In: Technical Physics. 2019 ; Vol. 64, No. 4. pp. 569-574.
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abstract = "Current passing through electrical contacts causes additional heat release due to the presence of a contact resistance. Heat release in contacts may be considerable. In high-current contacts of high-voltage electrical equipment, the problem of overheating gets worse when fault short-circuit currents pass through the contacts. The maximum permissible level of these currents is limited by heating contact areas to their melting point. Welds due to melting of contacts lead to their failure as a rule. A way of considerably raising maximum permissible short-circuit currents has been suggested. Its idea is impulsive preheating of contacts to a temperature higher than the recrystallization temperature of the contact material. The efficiency of this approach has been confirmed experimentally. Numerical simulation of impulsive heating has been conducted. The results have helped us elaborate recommendations for selecting parameters of a train of current pulses that, acting on a contact, may greatly improve its stability against short-circuit currents.",
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A Way of Increasing Maximum Permissible Short-Circuit Surge Currents in Electrical Contacts. / Chalyi, A.M.; Дмитриев, В.А.; Pavleino, M.A.; Pavleino, O.M.; Safonov, M.S.

In: Technical Physics, Vol. 64, No. 4, 04.2019, p. 569-574.

Research output

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Way of Increasing Maximum Permissible Short-Circuit Surge Currents in Electrical Contacts

AU - Chalyi, A.M.

AU - Дмитриев, В.А.

AU - Pavleino, M.A.

AU - Pavleino, O.M.

AU - Safonov, M.S.

PY - 2019/4

Y1 - 2019/4

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AB - Current passing through electrical contacts causes additional heat release due to the presence of a contact resistance. Heat release in contacts may be considerable. In high-current contacts of high-voltage electrical equipment, the problem of overheating gets worse when fault short-circuit currents pass through the contacts. The maximum permissible level of these currents is limited by heating contact areas to their melting point. Welds due to melting of contacts lead to their failure as a rule. A way of considerably raising maximum permissible short-circuit currents has been suggested. Its idea is impulsive preheating of contacts to a temperature higher than the recrystallization temperature of the contact material. The efficiency of this approach has been confirmed experimentally. Numerical simulation of impulsive heating has been conducted. The results have helped us elaborate recommendations for selecting parameters of a train of current pulses that, acting on a contact, may greatly improve its stability against short-circuit currents.

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