Abstract: The classical density functional theory makes it possible to explicitly calculate the local density profiles, the components of the pressure tensor, and the thicknesses of thin interlayers between a lyophilic or lyophobic solid surface and, accordingly, gas or liquid phases at different values of the chemical potentials of the phases. Within the framework of a unified approach based on the gradient approximation of the classical density functional theory, it has been shown that, at certain values of parameters characterizing the wettability or nonwettability of a solid, equilibrium liquid films or vapor layers of a uniform thickness are formed around a spherical particle, if its surface is lyophilic or lyophobic, respectively. Mechanical and thermodynamic definitions have been given for the disjoining pressure in the spherical liquid or vapor interlayer around a solid particle, and the agreement between the definitions has been proven by calculations at different interlayer thicknesses and particle radii. It has been shown that the disjoining pressure in a vapor interlayer around a nanosized lyophobic particle decreases with an increase in particle radius, with this phenomenon being opposite to the situation with liquid films.
Scopus subject areas
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry