A roadmap for Antarctic and Southern Ocean science for the next two decades and beyond

M. C. Kennicutt, S. L. Chown, J. J. Cassano, D. Liggett, L. S. Peck, R. Massom, S. R. Rintoul, J. Storey, D. G. Vaughan, T. J. Wilson, I. Allison, J. Ayton, R. Badhe, J. Baeseman, P. J. Barrett, R. E. Bell, N. Bertler, S. Bo, A. Brandt, D. BromwichS. C. Cary, M. S. Clark, P. Convey, E. S. Costa, D. Cowan, R. Deconto, R. Dunbar, C. Elfring, C. Escutia, J. Francis, H. A. Fricker, M. Fukuchi, N. Gilbert, J. Gutt, C. Havermans, D. Hik, G. Hosie, C. Jones, Y. D. Kim, Y. Le Maho, S. H. Lee, M. Leppe, G. Leitchenkov, X. Li, V. Lipenkov, K. Lochte, J. López-Martínez, C. Lüdecke, W. Lyons, P. Morozova

Research output

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Antarctic and Southern Ocean science is vital to understanding natural variability, the processes that govern global change and the role of humans in the Earth and climate system. The potential for new knowledge to be gained from future Antarctic science is substantial. Therefore, the international Antarctic community came together to 'scan the horizon' to identify the highest priority scientific questions that researchers should aspire to answer in the next two decades and beyond. Wide consultation was a fundamental principle for the development of a collective, international view of the most important future directions in Antarctic science. From the many possibilities, the horizon scan identified 80 key scientific questions through structured debate, discussion, revision and voting. Questions were clustered into seven topics: i) Antarctic atmosphere and global connections, ii) Southern Ocean and sea ice in a warming world, iii) ice sheet and sea level, iv) the dynamic Earth, v) life on the precipice, vi) near-Earth space and beyond, and vii) human presence in Antarctica. Answering the questions identified by the horizon scan will require innovative experimental designs, novel applications of technology, invention of next-generation field and laboratory approaches, and expanded observing systems and networks. Unbiased, non-contaminating procedures will be required to retrieve the requisite air, biota, sediment, rock, ice and water samples. Sustained year-round access to Antarctica and the Southern Ocean will be essential to increase winter-time measurements. Improved models are needed that represent Antarctica and the Southern Ocean in the Earth System, and provide predictions at spatial and temporal resolutions useful for decision making. A co-ordinated portfolio of cross-disciplinary science, based on new models of international collaboration, will be essential as no scientist, programme or nation can realize these aspirations alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-18
Number of pages16
JournalAntarctic Science
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2015

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oceans
Antarctica
ocean
ice
global change
experimental design
application technology
ice sheet
sea ice
biota
warming
decision making
sea level
researchers
rocks
science
atmosphere
winter
air
climate

Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Geology

Cite this

Kennicutt, M. C., Chown, S. L., Cassano, J. J., Liggett, D., Peck, L. S., Massom, R., ... Morozova, P. (2015). A roadmap for Antarctic and Southern Ocean science for the next two decades and beyond. Antarctic Science, 27(1), 3-18. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954102014000674
Kennicutt, M. C. ; Chown, S. L. ; Cassano, J. J. ; Liggett, D. ; Peck, L. S. ; Massom, R. ; Rintoul, S. R. ; Storey, J. ; Vaughan, D. G. ; Wilson, T. J. ; Allison, I. ; Ayton, J. ; Badhe, R. ; Baeseman, J. ; Barrett, P. J. ; Bell, R. E. ; Bertler, N. ; Bo, S. ; Brandt, A. ; Bromwich, D. ; Cary, S. C. ; Clark, M. S. ; Convey, P. ; Costa, E. S. ; Cowan, D. ; Deconto, R. ; Dunbar, R. ; Elfring, C. ; Escutia, C. ; Francis, J. ; Fricker, H. A. ; Fukuchi, M. ; Gilbert, N. ; Gutt, J. ; Havermans, C. ; Hik, D. ; Hosie, G. ; Jones, C. ; Kim, Y. D. ; Le Maho, Y. ; Lee, S. H. ; Leppe, M. ; Leitchenkov, G. ; Li, X. ; Lipenkov, V. ; Lochte, K. ; López-Martínez, J. ; Lüdecke, C. ; Lyons, W. ; Morozova, P. / A roadmap for Antarctic and Southern Ocean science for the next two decades and beyond. In: Antarctic Science. 2015 ; Vol. 27, No. 1. pp. 3-18.
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abstract = "Antarctic and Southern Ocean science is vital to understanding natural variability, the processes that govern global change and the role of humans in the Earth and climate system. The potential for new knowledge to be gained from future Antarctic science is substantial. Therefore, the international Antarctic community came together to 'scan the horizon' to identify the highest priority scientific questions that researchers should aspire to answer in the next two decades and beyond. Wide consultation was a fundamental principle for the development of a collective, international view of the most important future directions in Antarctic science. From the many possibilities, the horizon scan identified 80 key scientific questions through structured debate, discussion, revision and voting. Questions were clustered into seven topics: i) Antarctic atmosphere and global connections, ii) Southern Ocean and sea ice in a warming world, iii) ice sheet and sea level, iv) the dynamic Earth, v) life on the precipice, vi) near-Earth space and beyond, and vii) human presence in Antarctica. Answering the questions identified by the horizon scan will require innovative experimental designs, novel applications of technology, invention of next-generation field and laboratory approaches, and expanded observing systems and networks. Unbiased, non-contaminating procedures will be required to retrieve the requisite air, biota, sediment, rock, ice and water samples. Sustained year-round access to Antarctica and the Southern Ocean will be essential to increase winter-time measurements. Improved models are needed that represent Antarctica and the Southern Ocean in the Earth System, and provide predictions at spatial and temporal resolutions useful for decision making. A co-ordinated portfolio of cross-disciplinary science, based on new models of international collaboration, will be essential as no scientist, programme or nation can realize these aspirations alone.",
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Kennicutt, MC, Chown, SL, Cassano, JJ, Liggett, D, Peck, LS, Massom, R, Rintoul, SR, Storey, J, Vaughan, DG, Wilson, TJ, Allison, I, Ayton, J, Badhe, R, Baeseman, J, Barrett, PJ, Bell, RE, Bertler, N, Bo, S, Brandt, A, Bromwich, D, Cary, SC, Clark, MS, Convey, P, Costa, ES, Cowan, D, Deconto, R, Dunbar, R, Elfring, C, Escutia, C, Francis, J, Fricker, HA, Fukuchi, M, Gilbert, N, Gutt, J, Havermans, C, Hik, D, Hosie, G, Jones, C, Kim, YD, Le Maho, Y, Lee, SH, Leppe, M, Leitchenkov, G, Li, X, Lipenkov, V, Lochte, K, López-Martínez, J, Lüdecke, C, Lyons, W & Morozova, P 2015, 'A roadmap for Antarctic and Southern Ocean science for the next two decades and beyond', Antarctic Science, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 3-18. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954102014000674

A roadmap for Antarctic and Southern Ocean science for the next two decades and beyond. / Kennicutt, M. C.; Chown, S. L.; Cassano, J. J.; Liggett, D.; Peck, L. S.; Massom, R.; Rintoul, S. R.; Storey, J.; Vaughan, D. G.; Wilson, T. J.; Allison, I.; Ayton, J.; Badhe, R.; Baeseman, J.; Barrett, P. J.; Bell, R. E.; Bertler, N.; Bo, S.; Brandt, A.; Bromwich, D.; Cary, S. C.; Clark, M. S.; Convey, P.; Costa, E. S.; Cowan, D.; Deconto, R.; Dunbar, R.; Elfring, C.; Escutia, C.; Francis, J.; Fricker, H. A.; Fukuchi, M.; Gilbert, N.; Gutt, J.; Havermans, C.; Hik, D.; Hosie, G.; Jones, C.; Kim, Y. D.; Le Maho, Y.; Lee, S. H.; Leppe, M.; Leitchenkov, G.; Li, X.; Lipenkov, V.; Lochte, K.; López-Martínez, J.; Lüdecke, C.; Lyons, W.; Morozova, P.

In: Antarctic Science, Vol. 27, No. 1, 01.02.2015, p. 3-18.

Research output

TY - JOUR

T1 - A roadmap for Antarctic and Southern Ocean science for the next two decades and beyond

AU - Kennicutt, M. C.

AU - Chown, S. L.

AU - Cassano, J. J.

AU - Liggett, D.

AU - Peck, L. S.

AU - Massom, R.

AU - Rintoul, S. R.

AU - Storey, J.

AU - Vaughan, D. G.

AU - Wilson, T. J.

AU - Allison, I.

AU - Ayton, J.

AU - Badhe, R.

AU - Baeseman, J.

AU - Barrett, P. J.

AU - Bell, R. E.

AU - Bertler, N.

AU - Bo, S.

AU - Brandt, A.

AU - Bromwich, D.

AU - Cary, S. C.

AU - Clark, M. S.

AU - Convey, P.

AU - Costa, E. S.

AU - Cowan, D.

AU - Deconto, R.

AU - Dunbar, R.

AU - Elfring, C.

AU - Escutia, C.

AU - Francis, J.

AU - Fricker, H. A.

AU - Fukuchi, M.

AU - Gilbert, N.

AU - Gutt, J.

AU - Havermans, C.

AU - Hik, D.

AU - Hosie, G.

AU - Jones, C.

AU - Kim, Y. D.

AU - Le Maho, Y.

AU - Lee, S. H.

AU - Leppe, M.

AU - Leitchenkov, G.

AU - Li, X.

AU - Lipenkov, V.

AU - Lochte, K.

AU - López-Martínez, J.

AU - Lüdecke, C.

AU - Lyons, W.

AU - Morozova, P.

PY - 2015/2/1

Y1 - 2015/2/1

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KW - Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research

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Kennicutt MC, Chown SL, Cassano JJ, Liggett D, Peck LS, Massom R et al. A roadmap for Antarctic and Southern Ocean science for the next two decades and beyond. Antarctic Science. 2015 Feb 1;27(1):3-18. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954102014000674