A reversed-phase air-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction coupled with colorimetric paper-based analytical device for the determination of glycerol, calcium and magnesium in biodiesel samples

Research outputpeer-review

Abstract

A cheap and simple procedure for the simultaneous colorimetric determination of glycerol, magnesium and calcium in biodiesel samples using a paper-based analytical device (PAD) was developed. A reversed-phase air-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (RP-AA-DLLME) approach was proposed and used for glycerol, magnesium and calcium separation from biodiesel samples into aqueous phase (sodium periodate solution). After RP-AA-DLLME the obtained hydrophilic emulsion (biodiesel fuel in water) containing target analytes was introduced to a sample zone of the PAD, and as the emulsion penetrated through hydrophilic cellulose fibers to detection zones its destruction was observed. Colorimetric detection of calcium and magnesium with Eriochrome Black T and derivative of glycerol (formaldehyde) with acetylacetone on the detection zones of the PAD was implemented using conventional scanner and Corel® PHOTO-PAINT™ X7 software. Under optimal conditions, the calibration curves were linear in the ranges 100–300 μg g 1 for glycerol and 1–15 μg g 1 for calcium and magnesium. The limits of detection, calculated from a blank test based on 3σ, were 30 μg g 1 for glycerol and 0.3 μg g 1 for calcium and magnesium. The PAD was successfully applied for biodiesel samples analysis. Novelty statement: A first paper-based analytical device for the simultaneous colorimetric determination of glycerol, calcium and magnesium in biodiesel samples was successfully developed. A novel approach for biodiesel samples pretreatment based on a reversed-phase air-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction was also proposed for the first time. The reversed-phase air-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction was coupled with paper-based analytical device and applied for the simultaneous colorimetric determination of glycerol, calcium and magnesium in biodiesel samples. In this study, it was found, that glycerol extraction kinetics from biodiesel samples to aqueous phase can be accelerated in the presence of periodate-ions due to analyte oxidation to water-soluble formaldehyde. This feature allowed improving glycerol extraction efficiency. The proposed procedure has several advantages including miniaturization, cost effectiveness and simplicity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104134
JournalMicrochemical Journal
Volume150
Early online date26 Jul 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 26 Jul 2019

Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy

Cite this

@article{1d04ba3faa744467842271ae54b96db0,
title = "A reversed-phase air-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction coupled with colorimetric paper-based analytical device for the determination of glycerol, calcium and magnesium in biodiesel samples",
abstract = "A cheap and simple procedure for the simultaneous colorimetric determination of glycerol, magnesium and calcium in biodiesel samples using a paper-based analytical device (PAD) was developed. A reversed-phase air-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (RP-AA-DLLME) approach was proposed and used for glycerol, magnesium and calcium separation from biodiesel samples into aqueous phase (sodium periodate solution). After RP-AA-DLLME the obtained hydrophilic emulsion (biodiesel fuel in water) containing target analytes was introduced to a sample zone of the PAD, and as the emulsion penetrated through hydrophilic cellulose fibers to detection zones its destruction was observed. Colorimetric detection of calcium and magnesium with Eriochrome Black T and derivative of glycerol (formaldehyde) with acetylacetone on the detection zones of the PAD was implemented using conventional scanner and Corel{\circledR} PHOTO-PAINT™ X7 software. Under optimal conditions, the calibration curves were linear in the ranges 100–300 μg g− 1 for glycerol and 1–15 μg g− 1 for calcium and magnesium. The limits of detection, calculated from a blank test based on 3σ, were 30 μg g− 1 for glycerol and 0.3 μg g− 1 for calcium and magnesium. The PAD was successfully applied for biodiesel samples analysis. Novelty statement: A first paper-based analytical device for the simultaneous colorimetric determination of glycerol, calcium and magnesium in biodiesel samples was successfully developed. A novel approach for biodiesel samples pretreatment based on a reversed-phase air-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction was also proposed for the first time. The reversed-phase air-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction was coupled with paper-based analytical device and applied for the simultaneous colorimetric determination of glycerol, calcium and magnesium in biodiesel samples. In this study, it was found, that glycerol extraction kinetics from biodiesel samples to aqueous phase can be accelerated in the presence of periodate-ions due to analyte oxidation to water-soluble formaldehyde. This feature allowed improving glycerol extraction efficiency. The proposed procedure has several advantages including miniaturization, cost effectiveness and simplicity.",
keywords = "Biodiesel, Calcium, Colorimetric paper-based analytical device, Glycerol, Magnesium, Reversed-phase air-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction",
author = "Andrey Shishov and Ivan Trufanov and Daria Nechaeva and Andrey Bulatov",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "26",
doi = "10.1016/j.microc.2019.104134",
language = "English",
volume = "150",
journal = "Microchemical Journal",
issn = "0026-265X",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A reversed-phase air-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction coupled with colorimetric paper-based analytical device for the determination of glycerol, calcium and magnesium in biodiesel samples

AU - Shishov, Andrey

AU - Trufanov, Ivan

AU - Nechaeva, Daria

AU - Bulatov, Andrey

PY - 2019/7/26

Y1 - 2019/7/26

N2 - A cheap and simple procedure for the simultaneous colorimetric determination of glycerol, magnesium and calcium in biodiesel samples using a paper-based analytical device (PAD) was developed. A reversed-phase air-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (RP-AA-DLLME) approach was proposed and used for glycerol, magnesium and calcium separation from biodiesel samples into aqueous phase (sodium periodate solution). After RP-AA-DLLME the obtained hydrophilic emulsion (biodiesel fuel in water) containing target analytes was introduced to a sample zone of the PAD, and as the emulsion penetrated through hydrophilic cellulose fibers to detection zones its destruction was observed. Colorimetric detection of calcium and magnesium with Eriochrome Black T and derivative of glycerol (formaldehyde) with acetylacetone on the detection zones of the PAD was implemented using conventional scanner and Corel® PHOTO-PAINT™ X7 software. Under optimal conditions, the calibration curves were linear in the ranges 100–300 μg g− 1 for glycerol and 1–15 μg g− 1 for calcium and magnesium. The limits of detection, calculated from a blank test based on 3σ, were 30 μg g− 1 for glycerol and 0.3 μg g− 1 for calcium and magnesium. The PAD was successfully applied for biodiesel samples analysis. Novelty statement: A first paper-based analytical device for the simultaneous colorimetric determination of glycerol, calcium and magnesium in biodiesel samples was successfully developed. A novel approach for biodiesel samples pretreatment based on a reversed-phase air-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction was also proposed for the first time. The reversed-phase air-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction was coupled with paper-based analytical device and applied for the simultaneous colorimetric determination of glycerol, calcium and magnesium in biodiesel samples. In this study, it was found, that glycerol extraction kinetics from biodiesel samples to aqueous phase can be accelerated in the presence of periodate-ions due to analyte oxidation to water-soluble formaldehyde. This feature allowed improving glycerol extraction efficiency. The proposed procedure has several advantages including miniaturization, cost effectiveness and simplicity.

AB - A cheap and simple procedure for the simultaneous colorimetric determination of glycerol, magnesium and calcium in biodiesel samples using a paper-based analytical device (PAD) was developed. A reversed-phase air-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (RP-AA-DLLME) approach was proposed and used for glycerol, magnesium and calcium separation from biodiesel samples into aqueous phase (sodium periodate solution). After RP-AA-DLLME the obtained hydrophilic emulsion (biodiesel fuel in water) containing target analytes was introduced to a sample zone of the PAD, and as the emulsion penetrated through hydrophilic cellulose fibers to detection zones its destruction was observed. Colorimetric detection of calcium and magnesium with Eriochrome Black T and derivative of glycerol (formaldehyde) with acetylacetone on the detection zones of the PAD was implemented using conventional scanner and Corel® PHOTO-PAINT™ X7 software. Under optimal conditions, the calibration curves were linear in the ranges 100–300 μg g− 1 for glycerol and 1–15 μg g− 1 for calcium and magnesium. The limits of detection, calculated from a blank test based on 3σ, were 30 μg g− 1 for glycerol and 0.3 μg g− 1 for calcium and magnesium. The PAD was successfully applied for biodiesel samples analysis. Novelty statement: A first paper-based analytical device for the simultaneous colorimetric determination of glycerol, calcium and magnesium in biodiesel samples was successfully developed. A novel approach for biodiesel samples pretreatment based on a reversed-phase air-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction was also proposed for the first time. The reversed-phase air-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction was coupled with paper-based analytical device and applied for the simultaneous colorimetric determination of glycerol, calcium and magnesium in biodiesel samples. In this study, it was found, that glycerol extraction kinetics from biodiesel samples to aqueous phase can be accelerated in the presence of periodate-ions due to analyte oxidation to water-soluble formaldehyde. This feature allowed improving glycerol extraction efficiency. The proposed procedure has several advantages including miniaturization, cost effectiveness and simplicity.

KW - Biodiesel

KW - Calcium

KW - Colorimetric paper-based analytical device

KW - Glycerol

KW - Magnesium

KW - Reversed-phase air-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction

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U2 - 10.1016/j.microc.2019.104134

DO - 10.1016/j.microc.2019.104134

M3 - Article

VL - 150

JO - Microchemical Journal

JF - Microchemical Journal

SN - 0026-265X

M1 - 104134

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