One-pot interplay between aminonitrones, isocyanides, dibromine, and water proceeds to give N-acyl ureas. This formally four-component reaction occurs via the initial generation of electrophilically activated 1,2,4-oxadiazolium salts, which then hydrolyze to grant N-acyl ureas. XRD structural and theoretical DFT studies indicated that the quasi-cyclic conformation of the N-acyl ureas is caused by moderate strength (6.2-7.8 kcal mol(-1)) intramolecular resonance-assisted hydrogen bonding, while their solid-state dimerization is determined by the collective action of intermolecular N-HMIDLINE HORIZONTAL ELLIPSISO (4.1-7.5 kcal mol(-1)) and C-HMIDLINE HORIZONTAL ELLIPSISO (1.6-4.7 kcal mol(-1)) hydrogen bonding. The results of the kinetic study accompanied by DFT calculations show that the generated 2-substituted 1,2,4-oxadiazolium salts are, as expected, significantly more reactive toward nucleophilic addition than the corresponding 1,2,4-oxadiazoles.
Scopus subject areas
- Materials Chemistry