2-COLOR PHASE-CONTROL OF HIGH-ORDER HARMONIC-GENERATION IN INTENSE LASER FIELDS

DA TELNOV, JY WANG, S.-I. Chu

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Abstract

We present a time-independent generalized Floquet approach for nonperturbative treatment of high-order harmonic generation (HG) in intense one- and two-color laser fields. The procedure consists of the following elements: (i) determination of the complex quasienergy eigenvalue and eigenfunction by means of the non-Hermitian Floquet formalism, wherein the Floquet Hamiltonian is discretized by the complex-scaling generalized pseudospectral technique [Wang, Chu, and Laughlin, Phys. Rev. A 50, 3208 (1994)], and (ii) calculation of the HG rates based on the approach that implies the classical treatment of the electromagnetic field and quantal treatment of the atom. The method is applied to the nonperturbative study of HG by the hydrogen atom in strong laser fields with the fundamental frequencies 532 and 775 nm and their third harmonics. The results show a strong dependence on the relative phase delta between the fundamental frequency field and its harmonic. For the intensities used in calculations (1x10(13) and 5x10(13) W/cm(2) for the fundamental frequency 532 nm and 1x10(13) and 3x10(13) W/cm(2) for the fundamental frequency 775 nm, the harmonic intensity being 10 and 100 times weaker), the total photon emission rate has its maximum at delta=0 and minimum at delta=pi. However, this tendency, while valid for the first several HG peaks, is reversed for the higher HG peaks. The HG spectrum for delta=pi is broader and the peak heights decrease more slowly compared to the case of delta=0. These results have their analog in the multiphoton above-threshold detachment study performed recently for H- ions [Telnov, Wang, and Chu, Phys. Rev. A 51, 4797 (1995)].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3988-3996
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume52
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1995

Keywords

  • MODE FLOQUET THEORY
  • MULTIPHOTON IONIZATION
  • RADIATION-FIELD
  • ATOMIC-HYDROGEN
  • DYNAMICS

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