"Observer effect" in late 19th and early 20th century measurements of vowel characteristic tones

Research output

Abstract

In the late 19th and early 20th century various tools
and techniques existed for vowel characteristic tone
measurements, including the use of such instruments
as tuning forks and resonators. This subtle method
demanding from the researcher a sensitive ear and a
good training nevertheless remained subjective and
depended to a great extent on the explorer’s will.
Contrary to modern data descriptions, most of vowel
measurements were given as precise single values
and not as value areas. Thus several questions arise:
what are the possible reasons underlying the choice
of a concrete value by a researcher? Could this
choice be deliberate? Was it due to the measuring
technique imperfection? What role could tradition
and psychological aspect play?
In order to answer these questions, values
suggested by Helmholtz, Koenig and Rousselot are
analyzed in the present study in correlation with the
descriptions of measurement methods existing at
that time
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Melbourne, Australia 2019
EditorsSasha Calhoun Calhoun, Paola Escudero, Marija Tabain, Paul Warren
Place of PublicationCanberra, Australia
PublisherAustralasian Speech Science and Technology Association Inc
Pages1917-1921
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-646-80069-1
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Cite this

Kochetkova, U., & Skrelin, P. (2019). "Observer effect" in late 19th and early 20th century measurements of vowel characteristic tones. In S. C. Calhoun, P. Escudero, M. Tabain, & P. Warren (Eds.), Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Melbourne, Australia 2019 (pp. 1917-1921). [1966] Canberra, Australia: Australasian Speech Science and Technology Association Inc.
Kochetkova, Ulyana ; Skrelin, Pavel . / "Observer effect" in late 19th and early 20th century measurements of vowel characteristic tones. Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Melbourne, Australia 2019 . editor / Sasha Calhoun Calhoun ; Paola Escudero ; Marija Tabain ; Paul Warren. Canberra, Australia : Australasian Speech Science and Technology Association Inc, 2019. pp. 1917-1921
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abstract = "In the late 19th and early 20th century various tools and techniques existed for vowel characteristic tone measurements, including the use of such instruments as tuning forks and resonators. This subtle method demanding from the researcher a sensitive ear and a good training nevertheless remained subjective and depended to a great extent on the explorer’s will. Contrary to modern data descriptions, most of vowel measurements were given as precise single values and not as value areas. Thus several questions arise: what are the possible reasons underlying the choice of a concrete value by a researcher? Could this choice be deliberate? Was it due to the measuring technique imperfection? What role could tradition and psychological aspect play? In order to answer these questions, values suggested by Helmholtz, Koenig and Rousselot are analyzed in the present study in correlation with the descriptions of measurement methods existing at that time",
keywords = "vowel formants, music intervals, scales, tuning forks, French phonetics",
author = "Ulyana Kochetkova and Pavel Skrelin",
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editor = "Calhoun, {Sasha Calhoun} and Escudero, {Paola } and Tabain, {Marija } and Paul Warren",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Melbourne, Australia 2019",
publisher = "Australasian Speech Science and Technology Association Inc",
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Kochetkova, U & Skrelin, P 2019, "Observer effect" in late 19th and early 20th century measurements of vowel characteristic tones. in SC Calhoun, P Escudero, M Tabain & P Warren (eds), Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Melbourne, Australia 2019 ., 1966, Australasian Speech Science and Technology Association Inc, Canberra, Australia, pp. 1917-1921.

"Observer effect" in late 19th and early 20th century measurements of vowel characteristic tones. / Kochetkova, Ulyana ; Skrelin, Pavel .

Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Melbourne, Australia 2019 . ed. / Sasha Calhoun Calhoun; Paola Escudero; Marija Tabain; Paul Warren. Canberra, Australia : Australasian Speech Science and Technology Association Inc, 2019. p. 1917-1921 1966.

Research output

TY - GEN

T1 - "Observer effect" in late 19th and early 20th century measurements of vowel characteristic tones

AU - Kochetkova, Ulyana

AU - Skrelin, Pavel

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - In the late 19th and early 20th century various tools and techniques existed for vowel characteristic tone measurements, including the use of such instruments as tuning forks and resonators. This subtle method demanding from the researcher a sensitive ear and a good training nevertheless remained subjective and depended to a great extent on the explorer’s will. Contrary to modern data descriptions, most of vowel measurements were given as precise single values and not as value areas. Thus several questions arise: what are the possible reasons underlying the choice of a concrete value by a researcher? Could this choice be deliberate? Was it due to the measuring technique imperfection? What role could tradition and psychological aspect play? In order to answer these questions, values suggested by Helmholtz, Koenig and Rousselot are analyzed in the present study in correlation with the descriptions of measurement methods existing at that time

AB - In the late 19th and early 20th century various tools and techniques existed for vowel characteristic tone measurements, including the use of such instruments as tuning forks and resonators. This subtle method demanding from the researcher a sensitive ear and a good training nevertheless remained subjective and depended to a great extent on the explorer’s will. Contrary to modern data descriptions, most of vowel measurements were given as precise single values and not as value areas. Thus several questions arise: what are the possible reasons underlying the choice of a concrete value by a researcher? Could this choice be deliberate? Was it due to the measuring technique imperfection? What role could tradition and psychological aspect play? In order to answer these questions, values suggested by Helmholtz, Koenig and Rousselot are analyzed in the present study in correlation with the descriptions of measurement methods existing at that time

KW - vowel formants

KW - music intervals

KW - scales

KW - tuning forks

KW - French phonetics

M3 - Conference contribution

SP - 1917

EP - 1921

BT - Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Melbourne, Australia 2019

A2 - Calhoun, Sasha Calhoun

A2 - Escudero, Paola

A2 - Tabain, Marija

A2 - Warren, Paul

PB - Australasian Speech Science and Technology Association Inc

CY - Canberra, Australia

ER -

Kochetkova U, Skrelin P. "Observer effect" in late 19th and early 20th century measurements of vowel characteristic tones. In Calhoun SC, Escudero P, Tabain M, Warren P, editors, Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Melbourne, Australia 2019 . Canberra, Australia: Australasian Speech Science and Technology Association Inc. 2019. p. 1917-1921. 1966