Evolution of soil organic matter qualitative composition under different land-use types in the Yaroslavl oblast (European Russia) over longstanding period

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IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
PAPER • THE FOLLOWING ARTICLE ISOPEN ACCESS
Evolution of soil organic matter qualitative composition under different land-use types in the Yaroslavl oblast (European Russia) over longstanding period
A I Popov1, A V Rusakov1 and Yu V Simonova1

Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 862, The VIII Congress of the Dokuchaev Soil Science Society 19-24 July 2021, Syktyvkar, Komi Republic, Russian Federation
Citation A I Popov et al 2021 IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 862 012026
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Abstract
The paper describes the postagrogenic transformation of soil organic matter (SOM). For this purpose, the results of chemodestructive fractionation (CDF), the content of chlorophylls a and b, pheophetins and carotenoids were used for the first time. To assess the state of soil algae, Margalef's pigment index (PI) was calculated. Soils humus horizons of arable lands and fallow ones of the Poshekhonsky district of the Yaroslavl oblast of the Russian Federation were selected as objects of research. The objects were grouped into two groups that differ in the type of land use. In one of them the soil for 30–40 years remained arable (arable-arable group), other soils arable land over the same time period were transferred to the fallow (arable-fallow group). It was found that the conversation of arable soils to fallows led to: improving the state of soil algocenosis (a value of Margalef's PI decreased), increasing of both total organic carbon and amount of soil organic matter (SOM) easily oxidized fraction, strengthening of hydrolytic processes that reduced content of carotenoids and chlorins (in particular, pheophetins and chlorophylls a and b) in SOM. When the content of total organic carbon did not exceed 1%, the conversion of arable soils to the fallows did not cause a noticeable change in the studied characteristics of soil organic matter qualitative composition.
Translated title of the contributionЭволюция качественного состава органического вещества почвы при различных типах землепользования в Ярославской области (Европейская Россия) за длительный период
Original languageEnglish
Article number012026
Number of pages8
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume862
StatePublished - 2021
Event8th Congress of the Dokuchaev Soil Science Society - Syktyvkar, Russian Federation
Duration: 19 Jul 202124 Jul 2021

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