Труд в традиционной культуре Античности и Средневековой Европы.

Ольга Евгеньевна Карпова

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Antiquity and the Middle Ages influenced the culture of the modern global world, including the attitude to work. The article provides evidence that the attitude to work in antiquity was not unambiguous and varied depending on the period. Nevertheless, Plato and Aristotle created a hierarchy of work, justifying the low position of manual labor and high position of mental labor. Medieval theologians tried to get away from the hierarchical division of labor, justifying the equality of honest works, but this process took time. A gradual change took place in the Christian worldview of medieval people, where the list of several God-fearing professions was significantly expanded to include many socially beneficial occupations (merchant, craftsman, teacher). The attitude to the work of Late Medieval Period created the preconditions for the emergence of capitalist relations in the future.
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)5-9
JournalСовременная наука: актуальные проблемы теории и практики. Серия: Познание
Issue number1 (100)
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • antiquity
  • attitude to work
  • labor
  • medieval Europe
  • middle ages
  • pre-industrial society
  • traditional society
  • work
  • античность
  • доиндустриальное общество
  • отношение к труду
  • средневековая Европа
  • средневековье
  • традиционное общество
  • труд

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