Теория стереотипов в ряду других моделей организации знания

Translated title of the contribution: THEORY OF STEREOTYPES AMONG OTHER STRUCTURED KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATIONS

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The paper investigates a linguistic theory of stereotypes, cf. [Putnam 1975, Anscombre 2001, Bartminski 2012] in comparison with other theories of structured knowledge representations, such as prototypes [Rosch 1973, 1975, 1978], frames [Minsky 1975], idealized cognitive models [Lakoff 1987]. It is attested in literature that all these theories have a lot in common, and sometimes the notions of different theories are used as synonyms: Lyons (1995) regards stereotype and prototype as interchangeable terms, and Lakoff (1987) admits that his ICMs are similar to Putnam´s stereotypes, although more elaborated. While there are indeed some distinctions between stereotypes and other notions, their similarities seem more important: specifically, they allow the speaker to choose the simplest linguistic form if the entity corresponds to the norm, and help the hearer to recognize it easily and quickly.

Translated title of the contributionTHEORY OF STEREOTYPES AMONG OTHER STRUCTURED KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATIONS
Original languageRussian
Title of host publicationАнглистика XXI века
Subtitle of host publicationМатериалы IX Всероссийской межвузовской научно-методической конференции
EditorsАлександр Васильевич Зеленщиков
Place of PublicationСПб.
PublisherУниверситетские Образовательные округа
Pages212-218
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9785441600354
StatePublished - 2019
EventAnglistics in 21st Century: International Research and Methodological Conference - Санкт_Петербургский государственный университет, Санкт-Петербург, Russian Federation
Duration: 24 Jan 201826 Jan 2018
Conference number: 1Х
http://phil.spbu.ru/nauka/konferencii/konferencii-2017-2018-goda/ix-mezhdunarodnaya-nauchno-metodicheskaya-konferenciya-anglistika-xxi-veka
http://spbu.ru/component/fabrik/details/2/8786.html
http://conference-spbu.ru/conference/18

Conference

ConferenceAnglistics in 21st Century
CountryRussian Federation
CityСанкт-Петербург
Period24/01/1826/01/18
Internet address

Keywords

  • stereotype
  • PROTOTYPE
  • IDEALIZED COGNITIVE MODEL
  • FRAME
  • KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION

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