Теория денег Маркса: исторический анализ

Translated title of the contribution: Karl Marx's Theory of Money: historical analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This article discusses the main provisions of the Marxist theory of money in the context of modern trends in economic science. The problem of money in Marxism rarely became the subject of scientific research in the Soviet period of history, even less attention is paid to it now. This is probably due to the fact that Marx does not have a holistic concept of money, in his works you can find only disparate and often contradictory statements about what money is, what is their origin. For example, Marx rejected the quantitative theory of money, despite the fact that it is the basis of most monetary concepts. At the same time, in Marx's works one can find many constructive hypotheses and theoretical findings that have enriched economic science. The theory of evolution of Marx value forms is an undoubted contribution to the development of the labor theory of value. Marxist understanding of money has played an important role in understanding how the mechanism of the capitalist economy works. The Marxist understanding of money was not devoid of flaws and contradictions, like any other scientific theory. The article deals in detail with the main provisions of the Marxist theory of value and the associated theory of money. It is also shown that Marx's theory of cost was the result of his application of the dialectical method of research, which helped to avoid logical contradictions of the labor theory of cost inherent, for example, for the theoretical constructions of Ricardo. The paper deals with the contradictions characteristic of the Marxist theory of money.
Translated title of the contributionKarl Marx's Theory of Money: historical analysis
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)153-169
Journal ВЕСТНИК САНКТ-ПЕТЕРБУРГСКОГО УНИВЕРСИТЕТА. ЭКОНОМИКА
Volume35
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2019

Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)

Keywords

  • Karl Marx
  • DIALECTICS
  • money
  • Theory of value
  • theory of money
  • theory of the origin of money

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