"Сотериология" Аристотеля

Translated title of the contribution: ARISTOTLE’S "SOTERIOLOGY"

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The author of the article seeks to reveal the evolution of the “soteriological” aspects of Aristotle’s doctrine of the soul (rational “part” of the soul) human mind. In the first part of the article the author analyses fragments, paraphrases, reminiscences from the early works of the Stagirite (primarily, his dialogues “Eudemus, or On the Soul”, “On Philosophy” and “Protrepticus”), which contain relevant materials connected with the formation of his teaching about the “immortality of the soul”; the doctrine of the rational “part” of the soul; rethinking and radical modification of Plato’s concept of anamnesis;revealing the essence of what is man as individuality and what in him can remain “eternal”.

Considering the works of the mature period of Aristotle’s creative activity, the author analyzes the “soteriological” elements of Aristotle’s ideas, reflected, first of all, in his treatises “On the Soul” and “Metaphysics”, as well as in “Eudemian Ethics” and “Nicomachean Ethics”. At this, special attention is paid to the conception of the “divine”, “immortal”, “incorporeal” “active mind”, in which man’s essence and individuality are concentrated and which “is not subject to anything”.Analyzing the peculiarities of the ethical elements of Aristotle’s doctrine in correlation with his “soteriology”, the author comes to the conclusion that the highest, “saving” virtue, according to the Stagirite, is ultimately concluded not in piety in its traditional understanding, but primarily in the intellectual activity of the rational “part” of the human soul in its eternal search for truth.
Translated title of the contributionARISTOTLE’S "SOTERIOLOGY"
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)148-159
Number of pages12
JournalВОПРОСЫ ФИЛОСОФИИ
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy

Keywords

  • Aristotle
  • RATIO
  • SOUL
  • MIND
  • IMMORTALITY OF THE SOUL
  • SOTERIOLOGY
  • ETHICS

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