Семантика и прагматика глагольных форм в прозаических текстах А.С. Пушкина

Research output


The article discusses the peculiarities of the usage of various verb forms in Alexander Pushkin’s prose in the context of the functional styles system formation in the Russian literary language in the 1820s and the 1830s. Such verb forms as fi nite verbs, participles
and gerunds are the objects of the analysis. The study was carried out from the perspective of historical stylistics. The necessity
to select language constructions for the creation of non-fi ctional texts resulted from the emergence of new spheres of activity, as
well as from the development of different branches of science, including humanities. Pushkin’s principles of text construction via
selecting language units corresponding to the function of the text were implemented in his works. The usage of semantic potential
of the verb forms for transmitting the maximum accuracy of necessary meaning in prosaic texts of different genres is demonstrated
by the example of his fi ctional prose and his research work “Pugachev’s History”. The study showed that active and passive participles, gerunds and the verb forms in indefi nite-personal sentences in a non-fi ctional text create remoteness and objectivity, which
are typical for the scholarly prose. The usage of fi nite verbs and gerunds in fi ctional prose produces a dynamic picture infl uencing
the reader. All these facts are the steps for selecting language units to achieve a pragmatic goal of creating texts of different genres
according to the society’s needs.
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)92-96
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

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