Gender, declension and stem-final consonants: An experimental study of gender agreement in Russian

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Abstract

Every adult native speaker of Russian knows that kon’ is masculine and lan’ is feminine, although 3 rd declension nouns present some difficulties in the first and second language acquisition. However, will the fact that these nouns are less frequent than masculine nouns ending in a consonant or feminine nouns ending in -a/ja play a role for online subject-predicate agreement processing? Or will subject-predicate agreement processing be more problematic with subjects of a certain gender? Finally, some final consonants are more characteristic for feminine gender, while the others for masculine gender. Are speakers sensitive to this? We present two experiments addressing these questions. We found that all three factors play a role, but for different tasks (online agreement processing or determining the gender of a novel word) and at different processing stages.

Translated title of the contributionРод, склонение и конечный согласный основы: экспериментальное исследование согласования по роду в русском языке
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)694-706
Number of pages13
JournalKomp'juternaja Lingvistika i Intellektual'nye Tehnologii
Issue number17
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018

Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Computer Science Applications

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