Почвенно-археологическое исследование средневекового Вотикеевского комплекса в северной лесостепной зоне Южного Предуралья.

Р.Р. Сулейманов, В.В. Овсянников, А.Г. Колонских, Е.В. Абакумов, А.Я. Кунгурцев, А.Р. Сулейманов

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Soil-archaeological studies were performed in the area of the Votikeev archaeological site dating back to the Bakhmutin culture of the early Middle Ages (5th–7th centuries AD) and located 30 km north of Ufa (Bashkortostan Republic), in the northern forest-steppe subzone of the southern Cis-Ural region. Soil morphology and properties were examined, parameters of the structural state of humic acid molecules were determined using C-NMR spectroscopy, and the major elementary pedogenic processes were identified. Light clayey dark gray soils (Phaeozems) predominate in the studied area.. Their humus horizons of up to 51 cm in thickness are characterized by the organic carbon content of 1.5–3.6%, neutral reaction, cation exchange capacity of 29–35 cmol(+)/kg soil, and a predominance of exchangeable calcium. The soils of the archeological site are rich in total phosphorus in the upper 50 cm (up to 4631 mg/kg), which is related to the living activity of ancient humans, but does not have a significant impact
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)279-290
JournalПОЧВОВЕДЕНИЕ
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 13С ЯМР-спектроскопия
  • 13С-NMR spectroscopy
  • archaeological site
  • dark gray soils (Phaeozems)
  • humic substances
  • physical and chemical properties
  • археологический памятник
  • гумусовые вещества
  • темно-серая почва (Phaeozems)
  • физические и химические свойства

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