Пейзажи Клода Лоррена и Никола Пуссена во дворце Буэн Ретиро

Translated title of the contribution: LANDSCAPES BY CLAUDE LORRAIN AND NICOLAS POUSSIN FOR THE BUEN RETIRO PALACE

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The study focused on little-known pages of creative life of two great French classicism artists - Claude Lorrain and Nicolas Poussin. In 1636-1638 they produced several landscapes with hermits (Prado, Madrid) intended to decorate the Buen Retiro Palace near Madrid. Their unusual composition and imaginative structure were unique in the work of the artists. These were largely due to the terms of the commission because the commissioner aimed the paintings for a special gallery or secluded pavilions of the palace park. Thus the works were possibly associated with some religious practices. But we assumed that the impact of specific works, acted as some kind of “samples”, also could take place. Researchers expressed the opinion that, in the case of Claude Lorrain, the paintings of Italian painter Filippo Napolétano may have been such samples. Allowing this possibility, we offered a new source of style and imagery of the Prado paintings. The author made a hypothesis that while creating at least two of them, French masters could seek inspiration in Titian's “Landscape with St. Jerome” (circa 1531, Louvre, Paris). The canvas, which originally belonged to the collection of dukes of Mantua, after the plundering of Mantua in 1630 might have appeared in Rome, where Lorrain and Poussin probably saw it. A comparative analysis of Titian's painting and landscapes for the Buen Retiro Palace revealed doubtless similarity of these works. A close friend of the French masters Joachim von Sandrart witnessed that Lorrain and Poussin had worshipped the masterpieces of Titian. This was an additional argument for the hypothesis.
Translated title of the contributionLANDSCAPES BY CLAUDE LORRAIN AND NICOLAS POUSSIN FOR THE BUEN RETIRO PALACE
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)24-28
JournalНОВОЕ ИСКУССТВОЗНАНИЕ. ИСТОРИЯ, ТЕОРИЯ И ФИЛОСОФИЯ ИСКУССТВА
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2018

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