Оценка биомеханических характеристик на основе эластотонометрии после операций по коррекции гиперметропии

С.М. Бауэр, Л.А. Венатовская, Л.А. Авершина, С.М. Пикусова

Research outputpeer-review

Abstract

Modern tonometers (Ocular Response Analyzer) can only show the presence of biomechanical disorders of the fibrous membrane, while elastotonometry reacts not only to their presence, but also to their type. Purpose — to build a mathematical model that would use elastotonometry to assess biomechanical properties of the eye in treatment of hyperopia with LASIK and FemtoLASIK surgeries. Material and methods. The study included 64 operations: 34 FemtoLASIK surgeries, and 31 LASIK surgeries. All patients before and after surgery underwent standard examination necessary for keratorefractive surgery, including elastotonometry. The next step was the analysis of elastotonometry curves and eye finite element model in the software package Ansys (Ansys, Inc.; U.S.A.). During the analysis, the fibrous membrane was modeled by two spherical segments, which before elastotonometry were influenced only by true intraocular pressure (IOP). There was a problem of determining tonometric IOP when the cornea is pressured with flat bot-tomed loads during elastotonometry. It was taken into account that at the first stage of loading, the IOP was applied, and then the force corresponding to the weight of the tonometer. After tonometry, IOP increased so that the volume inside the composite membrane corresponded to the value before loading. Results. Mathematical modeling has shown that after surgical treatment of hyperopia, flexural stiffness of the cornea decreases, elevation of the elastotonometry curve increases, and the higher the true IOP, the greater the elevation. The greatest increase in lift due to increased IOP is observed after LASIK operation, while after FemtoLASIK this change is not significant, in which case the de-pendence of tonometric IOP on the weight of the load is almost linear. Conclusion. The obtained results allow for elastotonometry to be recommend for further medical research as a promising method for assessing biomechanical characteristics of the fibrous membrane of the eye.

Translated title of the contributionELASTOTONOMETRY FOR EVALUATION OF BIOMECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE EYE AFTER SURGICAL HYPEROPIA CORRECTION
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)32-38
JournalВестник офтальмологии
Volume136
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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