Attitudes of citizens to the policy of homelessness in St.Petersburg

Research output

Abstract

The problem of homelessness in Saint-Petersburg is very acute at the moment. According to statistics, there are estimated 12 000 homeless people in the streets, with that number growing every year. This problem relates to studies in social and political psychology. A psychological research was conducted, aimed at researching socio- psychological characteristics and features of homelessness so that a typology of homeless people can be created in order to socialize them. Preparatory stage of this study was a through observation of homeless people, including an in-depth interview for a better study. At this point, following types of homeless people were proposed: hustlers, vagrants, people ready for change, people not ready for change, escapists using drugs and alcohol, and reasons for losing home were identified as well. Taking results of preparatory stage into account, the design of main study was made, including a scale multi-factor questionnaire. 60 homeless people in Saint- Petersburg were surveyed. They were asked to evaluate the scale of agreement with statements divided into blocks. Blocks were formed from different spheres in order to capture all the psychological reasons for becoming homeless. Among others, there was family block to evaluate the family relationships, block of dependency on alcohol or drugs, block of socialization to evaluate readiness to embrace change, block of mental disorders. Exploratory factor analysis of questionnaire data united the signs of factors, which we gave following names: factor of readiness/not readiness to accept change, factor of family conflict in childhood, factor of divorce/leaving/isolation from family, factor of forgetfulness or capacity to leave relationships, adventurer factor, vagrancy factor, alcoholism due to post-traumatic disorder. Psychological features of homelessness in the following study are seen in the boundaries of psychological science as evading risk, danger, threat, responsibility, overcoming fear, as a way to escape reality creating personal defense mechanism against internal and external threats and fears. The questionnaire for homelessness helps identify and predict psychological and sociological features which can leave the person on the streets and thrown out of society, which can help create patterns for socializing homeless people and preventing homelessness in Saint-Petersburg.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Psychological Applications Conference and Trends (InPACT) 2019
EditorsClara Pracana, Michael Wang
Place of PublicationLisbon
PublisherWorld Institute for Advanced Research and Science
Pages375-379
ISBN (Print)9789895431212
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2019
EventInternational Psychological Applications Conference and Trends - Zagreb
Duration: 4 May 20196 May 2019

Conference

ConferenceInternational Psychological Applications Conference and Trends 2019
Abbreviated titleInPACT 2019
CountryCroatia
CityZagreb
Period4/05/196/05/19

Fingerprint

homelessness
citizen
vagrancy
questionnaire
alcohol
threat
political psychology
anxiety
drug
defense mechanism
social psychology
mental disorder
alcoholism
divorce
socialization
social isolation
factor analysis
typology
childhood
statistics

Cite this

Zaytsev, A., & Medyanik, O. (2019). Attitudes of citizens to the policy of homelessness in St.Petersburg. In C. Pracana, & M. Wang (Eds.), International Psychological Applications Conference and Trends (InPACT) 2019 (pp. 375-379). Lisbon: World Institute for Advanced Research and Science.
Zaytsev, Andrey ; Medyanik, Olga . / Attitudes of citizens to the policy of homelessness in St.Petersburg. International Psychological Applications Conference and Trends (InPACT) 2019. editor / Clara Pracana ; Michael Wang. Lisbon : World Institute for Advanced Research and Science, 2019. pp. 375-379
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abstract = "The problem of homelessness in Saint-Petersburg is very acute at the moment. According to statistics, there are estimated 12 000 homeless people in the streets, with that number growing every year. This problem relates to studies in social and political psychology. A psychological research was conducted, aimed at researching socio- psychological characteristics and features of homelessness so that a typology of homeless people can be created in order to socialize them. Preparatory stage of this study was a through observation of homeless people, including an in-depth interview for a better study. At this point, following types of homeless people were proposed: hustlers, vagrants, people ready for change, people not ready for change, escapists using drugs and alcohol, and reasons for losing home were identified as well. Taking results of preparatory stage into account, the design of main study was made, including a scale multi-factor questionnaire. 60 homeless people in Saint- Petersburg were surveyed. They were asked to evaluate the scale of agreement with statements divided into blocks. Blocks were formed from different spheres in order to capture all the psychological reasons for becoming homeless. Among others, there was family block to evaluate the family relationships, block of dependency on alcohol or drugs, block of socialization to evaluate readiness to embrace change, block of mental disorders. Exploratory factor analysis of questionnaire data united the signs of factors, which we gave following names: factor of readiness/not readiness to accept change, factor of family conflict in childhood, factor of divorce/leaving/isolation from family, factor of forgetfulness or capacity to leave relationships, adventurer factor, vagrancy factor, alcoholism due to post-traumatic disorder. Psychological features of homelessness in the following study are seen in the boundaries of psychological science as evading risk, danger, threat, responsibility, overcoming fear, as a way to escape reality creating personal defense mechanism against internal and external threats and fears. The questionnaire for homelessness helps identify and predict psychological and sociological features which can leave the person on the streets and thrown out of society, which can help create patterns for socializing homeless people and preventing homelessness in Saint-Petersburg.",
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Zaytsev, A & Medyanik, O 2019, Attitudes of citizens to the policy of homelessness in St.Petersburg. in C Pracana & M Wang (eds), International Psychological Applications Conference and Trends (InPACT) 2019. World Institute for Advanced Research and Science, Lisbon, pp. 375-379, Zagreb, 4/05/19.

Attitudes of citizens to the policy of homelessness in St.Petersburg. / Zaytsev, Andrey ; Medyanik, Olga .

International Psychological Applications Conference and Trends (InPACT) 2019. ed. / Clara Pracana; Michael Wang. Lisbon : World Institute for Advanced Research and Science, 2019. p. 375-379.

Research output

TY - GEN

T1 - Attitudes of citizens to the policy of homelessness in St.Petersburg

AU - Zaytsev, Andrey

AU - Medyanik, Olga

PY - 2019/5/4

Y1 - 2019/5/4

N2 - The problem of homelessness in Saint-Petersburg is very acute at the moment. According to statistics, there are estimated 12 000 homeless people in the streets, with that number growing every year. This problem relates to studies in social and political psychology. A psychological research was conducted, aimed at researching socio- psychological characteristics and features of homelessness so that a typology of homeless people can be created in order to socialize them. Preparatory stage of this study was a through observation of homeless people, including an in-depth interview for a better study. At this point, following types of homeless people were proposed: hustlers, vagrants, people ready for change, people not ready for change, escapists using drugs and alcohol, and reasons for losing home were identified as well. Taking results of preparatory stage into account, the design of main study was made, including a scale multi-factor questionnaire. 60 homeless people in Saint- Petersburg were surveyed. They were asked to evaluate the scale of agreement with statements divided into blocks. Blocks were formed from different spheres in order to capture all the psychological reasons for becoming homeless. Among others, there was family block to evaluate the family relationships, block of dependency on alcohol or drugs, block of socialization to evaluate readiness to embrace change, block of mental disorders. Exploratory factor analysis of questionnaire data united the signs of factors, which we gave following names: factor of readiness/not readiness to accept change, factor of family conflict in childhood, factor of divorce/leaving/isolation from family, factor of forgetfulness or capacity to leave relationships, adventurer factor, vagrancy factor, alcoholism due to post-traumatic disorder. Psychological features of homelessness in the following study are seen in the boundaries of psychological science as evading risk, danger, threat, responsibility, overcoming fear, as a way to escape reality creating personal defense mechanism against internal and external threats and fears. The questionnaire for homelessness helps identify and predict psychological and sociological features which can leave the person on the streets and thrown out of society, which can help create patterns for socializing homeless people and preventing homelessness in Saint-Petersburg.

AB - The problem of homelessness in Saint-Petersburg is very acute at the moment. According to statistics, there are estimated 12 000 homeless people in the streets, with that number growing every year. This problem relates to studies in social and political psychology. A psychological research was conducted, aimed at researching socio- psychological characteristics and features of homelessness so that a typology of homeless people can be created in order to socialize them. Preparatory stage of this study was a through observation of homeless people, including an in-depth interview for a better study. At this point, following types of homeless people were proposed: hustlers, vagrants, people ready for change, people not ready for change, escapists using drugs and alcohol, and reasons for losing home were identified as well. Taking results of preparatory stage into account, the design of main study was made, including a scale multi-factor questionnaire. 60 homeless people in Saint- Petersburg were surveyed. They were asked to evaluate the scale of agreement with statements divided into blocks. Blocks were formed from different spheres in order to capture all the psychological reasons for becoming homeless. Among others, there was family block to evaluate the family relationships, block of dependency on alcohol or drugs, block of socialization to evaluate readiness to embrace change, block of mental disorders. Exploratory factor analysis of questionnaire data united the signs of factors, which we gave following names: factor of readiness/not readiness to accept change, factor of family conflict in childhood, factor of divorce/leaving/isolation from family, factor of forgetfulness or capacity to leave relationships, adventurer factor, vagrancy factor, alcoholism due to post-traumatic disorder. Psychological features of homelessness in the following study are seen in the boundaries of psychological science as evading risk, danger, threat, responsibility, overcoming fear, as a way to escape reality creating personal defense mechanism against internal and external threats and fears. The questionnaire for homelessness helps identify and predict psychological and sociological features which can leave the person on the streets and thrown out of society, which can help create patterns for socializing homeless people and preventing homelessness in Saint-Petersburg.

KW - типология поведения бездомных

KW - Homeless people types

KW - psychological reasons for homelessness

KW - vagrancy

KW - problem of socializing homeless people

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M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 9789895431212

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BT - International Psychological Applications Conference and Trends (InPACT) 2019

A2 - Pracana, Clara

A2 - Wang, Michael

PB - World Institute for Advanced Research and Science

CY - Lisbon

ER -

Zaytsev A, Medyanik O. Attitudes of citizens to the policy of homelessness in St.Petersburg. In Pracana C, Wang M, editors, International Psychological Applications Conference and Trends (InPACT) 2019. Lisbon: World Institute for Advanced Research and Science. 2019. p. 375-379