Особенности дозирования и хроматографического разделения проб в высококипящих вязких органических растворителях

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The features of injection and gas chromatographic separation of stock analytes in their solutions in high boiling viscous polar organic solvents (on the example of 1,3-butanediol) using a short capillary column of large internal diameter (Megabore type) at low split ratios are considered. The manifestation of so-called discrimination effects is confirmed, with the main of them being the dependence of absolute peak areas vs. injection temperature as well as similar dependence of relative peak areas in different solvents. However, these effects are manifested in a lesser degree than the same effects for the samples dissolved in low boiling solvents. It is demonstrated that the dependencies of peak areas vs. injector temperature (S = aT + b) are principally different for solvents with various boiling points. Thus, for the solutions of butyl acetate, cyclohexanone, anisol, butyl butyrate, and acetophenone in low boiling 2-propanol the linear dependencies S(T) are revealed for the injector temperature range of 120-180°С only (with correlation coefficients r = 0.986 - 0.999), while at the higher injector temperatures (210-240°С) the significant deviations from linearity are typical. At the same time, the solutions of the same components in higher boiling 1,3-butanediol demonstrate the linear S(T) dependencies within the whole temperature range (120-240°С). It is confirmed that the discrimination effects have no significant influence on the results of gas chromatographic analyses of the samples in high boiling solvents if the method of internal normalization is used. The main uncertainties of the results are caused by the column's overloading with the solvent, which leads to the broadening and asymmetry of its peaks and their overlapping with the peaks of some analytes.

Translated title of the contributionFEATURES OF INJECTION AND CHROMATOGRAPHIC SEPARATION OF SAMPLES IN HIGH BOILING VISCOUS ORGANIC SOLVENTS USING THE CAPILLARY COLUMNS AT A LOW SPLIT RATIO
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)220-228
Number of pages9
JournalAnalitika i Kontrol
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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