In order to better appreciate the neurophysiologic mechanisms of perception of length under conditions of geometrical visual illusions, we studied sensitivity of mentally healthy subjects and schizophrenic patients to Ponzo and Müller-Lyer illusion. Patients with schizophrenia estimated length of segments of Müller-Lyer figure less precisely. Accuracy of perception of length of segments in Ponzo figure was ambiguously connected with the duration of the disease. Persons suffering from schizophrenia for a short time were less inclined to Ponzo illusion than mentally healthy subjects. On the contrary, patients who suffered from schizophrenia for a long time were more sensitive to this illusion. Ponzo illusion can be used as a marker of schizophrenia which is found out during the specific period of development of the disease. High sensitivity of patients with schizophrenia to Müller-Lyer and Ponzo illusions supports a hypothesis about the role of the global analysis of an image during processing of its low-frequency component in formation of the illusions under study.
|Translated title of the contribution||Features of perception of length of segments under conditions of ponzo and Müller-Lyer illusions in schizophrenia|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Zhurnal vyssheǐ nervnoǐ deiatelnosti imeni I P Pavlova|
|State||Published - 1 Nov 2011|
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